, 2022-10-14 21:04:19,
Copy of the patent for 39.44 acres in Monroe County, Ohio, sold to Elijah Henthorn in 1834. The signature is President Andrew Jackson’s, but clerks began to sign these during Jackson’s presidency and thereafter.
Image from the U. S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office web site: glorecords.blm.gov/
Once a buyer completed payment or presented a warrant for military service at a federal land office, they received a receipt, and the office sent completed paperwork to the General Land Office in Washington. Eventually, the office would complete two copies of a final certificate, or patent, on high-quality paper and giving the land description, patentee name, file number, date and signature of the president.
The office forwarded one copy to the local land office, where the buyer could retrieve it. Buyers might also record the patent in the county deed books. These are the documents retained by families oftentimes, and there are several misconceptions about what they really are. They are not grants but are patents. They are not documentation of homesteads — these were not possible until after passage of the Homestead Act in 1862. The president signed patents through the administration of John Quincy Adams. Thereafter, the signature is likely that of a clerk signing for the president.
Research on original title of federal lands begins at the General Land Office website (glorecords.blm.gov/). Click on “Search Documents”, and you will see a search screen with a number of…
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