Joseph A. Ancheta
Born in Mesilla, Dona Anna County, July 21, 1865. He was graduated in 1882 from St. Michael’s Institute, Santa Fe, receiving a preparatory course. He then entered Notre Dame University, Indiana, was graduated from there with the highest honors in 1886, and received the degree of Bachelor of Laws, Bachelor of Science and Civil Engineer, and during the same year was admitted to practice before the Supreme court of the State of Indiana. He received twelve gold medals during his college course and ranked the highest in all his studies. In 1887 he was admitted to the bar of New Mexico and soon after formed a partnership with Hon. John D. Bail, one of the most noted attorneys of the Territory. The firm enjoys a large and lucrative practice and Mr. Ancheta has distinguished himself as a lawyer of great research and native ability before the courts of his Territory, although a very young man. He is the present district attorney for the counties of Grant and Sierra, having been appointed in 1889; is also chairman of the Republican Central Committee of Grant County. The Republican successes are largely indebted to him, as he made a canvass of many counties during the campaign of 1888, delivering many eloquent speeches. With Mr. Ancheta’s well-established personal popularity, and the esteem in which constituents who are not even acquainted with him, but who have had full confidence in his official integrity hold him, it is difficult to form even a prophecy as to the probable brilliant future he is to enjoy. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

John D. Bail
Hon. John D. Bail, one of the old-time members of the bar of New Mexico, and now the senior member of the able law firm of Bail & Ancheta, of Silver City, is a man of progressive ideas and fine attainments, who has made the most of his opportunities in life, and has risen to a foremost place among the representatives of the legal fraternity of the Territory. He began life with a definite purpose in view, worked faithfully, honestly and with a will for its accomplishment, and his career has therefore been a successful one.

A native of the Buckeye State, the Judge was born in Ross county, and on the 4th of July, 1825. He comes of an old Virginian family of Welsh descent, and his paternal grandfather was a Revolutionary hero who laid down his life on the altar of his country in that struggle for independence. His father, Joseph Bail, was born in Loudoun county, Virginia, in 1775 – the year in which the guns of Lexington announced the birth of the Republic. He married Miss Elizabeth Divens, a native of Pennsylvania, belonging to one of the old families of that State. She is still living, at the advanced age of ninety-one. When a young man Joseph Bail removed to Ross county, Ohio, becoming one of its pioneer farmers, and there reared his family. In 1850 he went to Illinois, where he departed this life, in 1865, at the age of eighty years. He served in the war of 1812, was a man of much natural ability, and in the early days of Ohio’s history served for many years as Justice of the Peace. He and his wife were active and prominent members of the Methodist Church. Their family numbered seven children, only three of whom are now living.

The Judge is their second child, and the days of his boyhood and youth were spent on the old home farm in Ohio, working in the fields through the summer months, while in the winter season he attended the common schools. In 1847 he enlisted in the Mexican war and was with General Scott at the capture of Mexico’s capital. In 1849 he went to Springfield, Illinois, and took up the study of law in the office of Stuart & Edwards, then a prominent firm of the city. Nearby was the law office of Abraham Lincoln, with whom he became well acquainted. In 1852 Mr. Bail was admitted to the bar, and then crossed the plains to California, hoping that in the gold fields of that Eldorado he might acquire a fortune more rapidly than he could expect to do in law practice. He engaged in mining at Placerville and secured considerable gold dust, but money easily obtained is easily spent, and, like many another young man, he saved but little of his earnings there. He remained on the Pacific slope until 1856, and then returned to Springfield, Illinois, by way of the isthmus of Panama and New York city. He opened a law office there, and continued the practice of his profession until the breaking out of the Civil war.

With the blood of Revolutionary forefathers flowing in his veins, Judge Bail responded to the country’s call for troops, and went to the defense of the Union that his ancestors had aided in establishing. He joined the “boys in blue” of the eleventh Missouri Infantry, and participated in the battles of Island No. 10 and in all the engagements of the Western campaign, including the siege and capture of Vicksburg. He was also in the Red river campaign under General Banks, and during his service was promoted to the rank of Sergeant.

When the war was over, Mr. Bail was honorably discharged, and went to St. Louis, Missouri. In 1866 he removed to Pinos Altos, New Mexico, where he engaged in mining. He became a prominent and influential citizen of that locality, and in 1868 was elected a member of the Territorial Legislature as the first Representative from Grant county. So acceptably did he discharge the duties of the office that he was re-elected for a second term. On his retirement to private life, he removed to Messilla, Donna Ana county, where practiced law until his election to the Senate, representing all the counties of southern New Mexico. On leaving the General Assembly he was appointed a Deputy United States Collector of Internal Revenue, and at the same time was Deputy United States Assessor and District Attorney of Donna Ana county. In 1885 he removed to Silver City, where for the past ten years he has been actively engaged in the practice of law, and now enjoys a remunerative general practice. The Judge has always been an ardent and consistent Republican, and as such was delegate from New Mexico to the National Republican Convention held in Minneapolis, where General Benjamin Harrison was nominated for the presidency.

In 1871 Judge Bail was joined in wedlock with Miss Catherine Frientes, a native of the Territory of New Mexico. They have two daughters, — Alice and Katie A., — and an adopted son Arthur. The family circle remains unbroken by the hand of death, and their home is the abode of happiness and hospitality.

The Judge has purchased considerable town property in Silver City, erected a residence and office for his own use, and has erected various other buildings, thus materially aiding in the upbuilding and promotion of the city’s interests. He has a wide and favorable acquaintance throughout the Territory, is recognized as one of the most efficient lawyers of New Mexico, and his loyalty to his country has been demonstrated by his service in two wars. He is a man of strong convictions, fearless in expressing them under all proper circumstances, yet always ready to hear and weight the views of those who differ from him. The predominant trait of his character is his absolute honesty and uprightness. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Gideon D. Bantz
Judge Gideon D. Bantz, one of the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court and presiding Judge of the Third District of New Mexico, resides at Silver City. He stands at the head of his profession in this Territory, having few equals and no superiors, either at the bar or on the bench. He was born in St. Louis, Missouri, September 19, 1854, and descended from German ancestors who in 1690 left the Fatherland and crossed the briny deep to Maryland. His father, A. S. Bantz, was born in that State, and married Miss Isabella Porter, also a native of Maryland. He followed mercantile pursuits and carried on a successful business. In an early day he removed to St. Louis, where he reared his family, but subsequently he returned to his native State, where his death occurred at the age of sixty-five years. His widow still survives him, and is now in the sixty-fifth year of her age. They had two sons and two daughters, and the latter both living, but the brother of our subject has passed away.

The Judge is the eldest of the family. He acquired his early education in his native city and determining to take up the study of law and fit himself for the legal profession, he became a student in the office of Krum & Medill, prominent attorneys of St. Louis. He was afterward graduated in the law department of the Washington University, with the class of June, 1877. For several years thereafter he was connected with the publication of law journals, and in 1886 he came to Silver City, New Mexico, where he has now for nine years been successfully engaged in the practice of his chosen profession. He is an able advocate, a forcible, earnest speaker, and his painstaking preparation of cases and his devotion to his clients’ interests have won him a liberal patronage.

In February, 1895, Mr. Bantz was appointed to his present position as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court by President Cleveland and entered upon the duties of the office on the 1st of March. It is his aim to be absolutely impartial and no personal feelings are allowed to interfere with the even-handed administration of justice. He has thus won “golden opinions from all sorts of people,” and the appointment is one that is pleasing to the general public. The Judge has always been an active and ardent Democrat and since coming to New Mexico has been an earnest worker in the interests of his party.

In 1884 Judge Bantz was united in marriage with Miss Laura McGee, a native of Kentucky, and they now have one daughter, Lucile. The father is a member of the fraternity of the Knights of Pythias, but gives his entire time and attention to matters pertaining to the law. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Nathaniel Bell
Nathaniel Bell has attained to an honorable place among New Mexico’s successful business men by energy, enterprise and a strict adherence to correct business principles. From an early age he has been dependent entirely upon his own resources, and obstacles and difficulties lay in his path, but he overcame these by persistent effort and has reached the goal of success. He is now a prominent miner and merchant of Pinos Altos, and is numbered among the pioneers of New Mexico of 1869.
Mr. Bell was born in Antrim, Ireland, in 1842, and when a year old was taken by his parents to Wisconsin. There he was reared on a farm amidst the scenes of frontier life, and through the summer months aided in the labors of the field, while in the winter season he conned his lessons in the primitive log schoolhouse. At the age of thirteen he engaged in the battle of life on his own account, and in 1860 crossed the plains to California, driving an ox team. Though the party was frequently harassed by Indians he reached his destination safely, locating on Bald Hills, in Shasta county, where he was engaged in mining for three years. He there took out some gold and afterward went to Humboldt, Nevada, at the time of the gold excitement there. He located a claim, but soon after sold it and removed to Silver City, Idaho, where he engaged both in placer and quartz mining, meeting with most excellent success, gaining a fortune within a short time. The country was then full of “road agents” so he shipped his gold, amounting to $158,000, to San Francisco; but before he became ready to draw it the company failed, and he lost all that he had saved. He had with him some fine specimens which he was taking to New York, valued at $12,000, and this was all that was left to him.
On his return from New York, Mr. Bell stopped at his old home in Wisconsin, where he remained for a year. He then came to New Mexico, and engaged in placer and quartz mining, again making money. In 1869 he arrived in Silver City, where he operated the first stamp mill of the place, it being owned by Mr. Bremen. He was paid $10 per day for his services and made for his employer considerable money. In 1873 he came to Pinos Altos and formed a partnership with T. Stephens, operating stamp mills and steam arastras; but not being able at that time to purchase the property they wished they built a sawmill and also engaged in merchandising, continuing operations in those lines for two years. In 1885 they purchased considerable mining property, including the Minnie Grande, the Mogul, the Ohio and Pacific mines. They also purchased the ten-stamp mill, which they are now operating. The Ohio yields an average of $10 of gold to the ton; the Pacific, $24; the Grande $16; and the Cap Woman, $8. The cost of extracting ore from the Ohio is $1.65 per ton; from the Pacific $3.50; from the Grande, $3; and the cost of milling the ore is $1.27 per ton. The firm of which our subject is a member has greatly prospered in its mining and mercantile business, and its members have acquired much valuable property in the town, have erected various buildings, have numerous fields of corn and richly bearing orchards and vineyards which grow luxuriantly at this high altitude without irrigation. The town is located at the top of the divide, about 7,000 feet above the sea level.
Mr. Bell is a man of much intelligence and experience in the handling of ores and is rated as one of the most successful miners and business men in the Territory. He stands at the head of gold mining and milling in New Mexico, and is recognized as authority on gold mines, and in the reduction of gold ores throughout the Territory. It is to him and his former partner, Troilous Stephens, deceased, that the town of Pinos Altos is indebted for its present growth and prosperity. The firm of Bell & Stephens has done more to make the Pinos Altos mining district the largest gold-producing district in New Mexico than all other causes combined. The above firm, by their energy, industry, good business management and superior knowledge of mining, has attained a high degree of success and to-day they own and operate the largest gold mines in New Mexico.
In 1886 Mr. Bell wedded Miss Sue Woolfork, a native of Wisconsin, and they have two sons, Golden and George – both born at Pinos Altos.
In politics he has always been a Republican, but has never been a politician in the sense of office-seeking. He, however, served as Postmaster for seven years, when he refused longer to act in that capacity. He is highly esteemed throughout the county as one of her most reliable and honorable citizens. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Cornelius Bennett
Hon. Cornelius Bennett, one of the most prominent residents of Silver City, is a native of the Empire State, born on the 29th of August, 1827. He descends from Knickerbocker ancestry, and his grandfather, Jacob Bennett, was one of the heroes of the Revolution. In the war of 1812 the family was also represented by the father of our subject, who likewise bore the name of Jacob. He was born in New York in 1796, and married Miss Caroline Valentine, a native of New York. He followed the occupation of farming, and lived to the very advanced age of ninety-four years, while his wife departed this life in her ninety-first year. They were people of sterling worth, active and prominent in the work of the Methodist Church, who took as their life motto the Golden Rule. They had a family of nine children, six sons and three daughters, and with one exception all are yet living.
Judge Bennett was the third child of the family. His early education, acquired in the common schools, was supplemented by study in the Melville Academy, and in the school of experience he has learned many valuable lessons that have made him an intelligent and well-informed man, possessed of superior mental ability. Upon laying aside his text-books he learned the printer’s trade, and at the time of the breaking out of the Civil war was part owner in the Dubuque Telegraph. The blood of Revolutionary ancestors, however, flowed in his veins, and, prompted by a spirit of patriotism that he would not and could not quell, he responded to the country’s call for volunteers and joined the Eighth Iowa Cavalry, being commissioned First Lieutenant. He served in the Quartermaster’s department, but was known as the “Fighting Quartermaster,” as he participated with his regiment in all the engagements in which the Eighth took part. He went on the campaign from Chattanooga to Atlanta, and was afterward with General Thomas in his campaign against Hood. He participated in numerous severe engagements, and was often in the very thickest of the fight; but, as if possessing a charmed life, he escaped without receiving a wound. He faithfully followed the old flag until the war was over, when he was mustered out, at Clinton, Iowa.
The Judge then returned to his old home in Dubuque and engaged in the manufacture of vinegar for a number of years. He became identified with the Southwest in March, 1872, by his arrival in Silver City, New Mexico, where he has since made his home. It was then a small but thriving place with bright prospects before it, and Judge Bennett manifested his usual sagacity in choosing it for a future home. He erected as a store the building which has since been transformed into the Southern Hotel. It was the first really commodious and substantial structure of the town, and he carried on general merchandising until 1887, doing a large and successful wholesale business, his trade extending over a wide range of territory. When he disposed of his mercantile interests, he turned his attention to mining, which he has since successfully followed. He now owns both silver and gold mines, which are paying investments, and in addition has a number of good buildings in Silver City, both business blocks and residences, and has been an important factor in the growth and development of the town.
In politics, Judge Bennett is a Democrat, and in 1873 was elected Probate Judge of Grant county. He has for two terms served as Mayor of Silver City, and gave a hearty endorsement to all measures calculated to promote the general welfare. The cause of education has found in him a stalwart advocate and friend, and he was one of the organizers of the Silver City independent school district, thus establishing the first public-school in the Territory. He has rendered much valuable service to the educational interests of Silver City, and for a number of years has been an efficient and useful member of the school board.
On the 30th of October, 1854, was celebrated the marriage of Judge Bennett and Miss Anna F. Ross, a native of Ohio and a daughter of Sylvester F. Ross, of the Buckeye State, also a sister of ex-Senator and ex-Governor Ross, of New Mexico. Two children were born to them: Janett Amelia, now the wife of S. M. Ashenfelter, of Colorado Springs, and Lettie B., widow of John Morrill and a resident of Silver City.
The Judge is a Master Mason, and is Past Master of the local lodge, and past Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of the Territory. He has taken the Knight Templar degree, joined the blue lodge of Silver City on its organization, and has been connected with the fraternity since 1858. He is a man of broad experience in mercantile and mining interests, is a thoroughly reliable and straightforward business man, and among all the circle of his wide acquaintances there is no one but speaks of him in terms of esteem, for his honorable career has commanded universal confidence and respect. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

John Jay Bernard
Lieutenant John Jay Bernard, of the Fourth United States Infantry, was born April 1st, 1872, at Fort Bidwell, California, and was killed in the battle of El Caney, before Santiago, Cuba, on July 1st, 1898. He was a son of General Reuben F. Bernard, United States army, and his mother was Alice Virginia Frank, daughter of Jacob Frank, of Washington, D. C. General Bernard’s father was John Bernard, a farmer of Hawkins county, Tennessee, a native-born Tennesseean of German and English descent.

General Bernard enlisted in the regular United States army, and was appointed First Sergeant, Company D, First Dragoons on the 19th of February, 1855, and Second Lieutenant, First Cavalry on the 17th of July, 1862. He was three times promoted for gallantry during the Civil War, and once for gallant and meritorious services against the Indians of Arizona, for which service he was made Brevet Brigadier General on February 27th, 1890. General Bernard was retired in 1896 by operation of law. He is now Governor of the United States Soldiers’ Home at Washington, D.C.
John Jay Bernard received his early education at the army post schools. He was prepared for the University in the school at Jonesboro, Tennessee. As a boy, he lived a hearty and healthy life, fishing and hunting over the country adjacent to the posts where his father was stationed and was noted for his personal daring, hardihood and love of sports. While yet a small boy he rode horseback with his father’s company, all the way from Brownsville, Texas, to Fort Meade, South Dakota, a distance of about two thousand and forty miles.
Bernard entered in 1890 the Sophomore class of the Scientific course of the University of Tennessee, and was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Science in 1893. He made a specialty of chemistry, geology, and related subjects, and upon graduation was appointed assistant in chemistry for the session 1893-1894. He was an earnest, faithful student, and was specially noted, on the one side for his love of athletics and military drill, and on the other for his conscientious and accurate work. The latter characteristics made him such an excellent analytical chemist that his friends advised him to follow this business. As a cadet he held all of the usual positions in the battalion, including that of Lieutenant and Adjutant, which place he filled, during his Senior year, with great credit.
After due consideration Bernard decided to adopt the military profession and sought a commission in the army. Failing to get one by direct appointment, he enlisted on the 20th of August, 1894, in troop I, First Cavalry, located at that time at Fort Bayard, New Mexico. After the troop removed to Fort Huachuca, Arizona, the young man was appointed first a Corporal and then a Sergeant. During his residence in Arizona, he was occupied much of his time scouting after renegade Apache Indians and earned high commendations from his superior officers for his skill and determination.
In the spring of 1897 Bernard went up for examination for a commission and was the only candidate who passed the War Department Board at that time. He stood number ten in a class of forty-two in the final examination at Fort Leavenworth. He was appointed Second Lieutenant of the Fourth Infantry on April 13th, 1897, and immediately joined his regiment at Fort Sheridan, Illinois, where he remained on duty continuously until the opening of the war with Spain when he went with his regiment to Tampa, Florida, and thence to Cuba. From August 20th, 1894, when he enlisted in the army, to the date of his death, he was constantly on duty, never being sick and never having a leave of absence. He was devoted to the cavalry, and had applied for a transfer to that arm of the service. On the day he was killed, his father had visited the War Department and secured a promise from the Secretary that the young Lieutenant should be transferred to that arm at the first opportunity, and was in the act of leaving the Department building when a telegram was handed him announcing that his beloved son had been transferred by the Father of us all to His own higher service.
The Fourth Infantry belonged to the Third brigade, commanded by Colonel Miles, and on July 1st, along with the Twenty-fifth Infantry (McCorkle’s regiment), occupied the centre before the stone fort at El Caney. Bernard’s company was one of those selected to form the firing line in the assault upon this fort, which decided the day. All we know of his sad death is that he was killed by a sharp shooter, as so many officers were, while in the act of advancing up the hill against the fort. Though belonging to a different regiment, Bernard’s company is said to have fought alongside of McCorkle’s and on his left. In this manner it came about that our University lost two of her noblest sons in the same action. Out of six of her sons known to have been in the battle before Santiago, two who were officers, were killed and one, a private, in the splendid 12th Infantry (Chaffee’s brigade), was severely wounded in the battle of El Caney.
It has been impossible to get fuller details about Bernard’s position or action in this battle. We only know that he was shot through the neck while rushing forward with his company and that after lingering totally unconscious for two hours he passed peacefully away. As a student Bernard was regular, methodical and thorough. He was a very quiet man; but grew steadily in the esteem and affection of his teachers and fellow students. He was distinguished for his earnestness, his perfect self-control and thoroughness of his work. In the recitation room and laboratory, he was very deliberate, almost slow, but always very accurate; but upon the athletic field, he was equally distinguished by his swiftness of action and enthusiasm of spirit. These almost opposite traits illustrated the perfect control under which the man had all of his powers. This rule applied to his moral as well as his intellectual and physical nature. He was scrupulously conscientious in the performance of what he considered his duty, and correct in his conduct and morals. It is said that during the whole of his college and army life he was never the subject of the criticism of a superior officer.
While a student at the University of Tennessee, Bernard made a profession of Christianity, and connected himself with a Knoxville congregation. He was not a man to make a display of his religion; but, what was a great deal better, he lived it completely. His brief life is a splendid illustration of what a nobly earnest and able, but perfectly self-controlled young man can do. He knew nothing but duty, and he did it as he knew it, bravely and truly.
The loss of such men as Bernard and McCorkle is indeed a great calamity to their family, their friends and their alma mater. We are too apt, while we mourn our loss, to forget the great blessing their lives, and even their death, may be to us and the whole world. These noble boys gave their lives for the cause of freedom and humanity and the glory of their country. The glory of their death we partly recognize now, but the benediction of their lives can only be appreciated as the years go by. ‘Tis a glorious thing to die for one’s country, but it is far more glorious to have lived as these young men lived. Such faithfulness and devotion to duty teaches us a grander lesson than the most sublime and sudden translation can do. May their pure and faithful lives be at once an example and an inspiration to all the students who follow them at the University of Tennessee. A. FRIEND. [University of Tennessee record, Volume 1 By University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 1898; Tr by FOFG]

Howard H. Betts
Howard H. Betts is the leading wholesale and retail grocer of Silver City, N. M., and widely known as one of the most affable and popular citizens of the Territory. Mr. Betts commenced business with a limited capital, but year by year his trade has increased in magnitude, until at the present time it has grown to large proportions; he possesses fine business abilities and has had a remarkably successful career. The management of his business has so thoroughly taken up his time and attention, that he has had comparatively little time to devote to projects outside of the line in which he is engaged. He is regarded as one of Silver City’s trustworthy business man, whose career promises to be of great benefit to his city and State in the years to come. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

Robert Black
Hon. Robert Black, the pioneer builder of Silver City and one of her most reliable and esteemed residents, located here in 1872, when the town contained not a brick residence or a shingle roof. Mr. Black is a native of Massachusetts. He was born in the city of Boston on the 14th of March, 1840, and is a son of William and Mary (Balmer) Black. His parents were born and reared in England and immediately after their marriage came to the New World, locating at Cambridge, near Boston. The father engaged in business as a wholesale and retail dealer in ice. He spent his entire life there, and passed away in the sixty-third year of his age. His wife survived him some time and was called to the home beyond this life at the age of seventy-one. They were both members of the Episcopal Church, and their many excellencies of character won for them the respect and confidence of all who knew them. They had a family of ten children, five of whom are yet living.

Mr. Black of this review is the eldest. He acquired a good education in the public schools of Cambridge and learned the builder’s trade, including drawing and the work that is usually performed by architects. He has made that pursuit his life work, and continued his endeavors along that line in his native State until coming West in 1871. He made his first location in Denver, Colorado, but the following year came to Silver City, where he has since been actively engaged in building up the town, being first employed by others and then carrying on business in his own interest. He also located some town lots, on which he has erected good residences. He is still actively engaged in contracting and building, and some of the best structures of Silver City stand as monuments to his thrift and enterprise. He erected the South Hotel, the First National Bank building, the county court-house, the public school buildings, and the majority of the fine residences, including the homes of John Brockman, Max Shutz, Dr. G. N. Wood, Major Fleming and many others. He has also erected a good residence for himself, has a planing-mill and is dealing in lumber, sash, doors and blinds. This industry has become an important factor in the upbuilding of Silver City, for anything that promotes the commercial activity of the place is of benefit to its material welfare.

Mr. Black has also been prominent in public affairs, aided in the incorporation of the city, and was elected its first Mayor, capably filling that position for two years. The cause of education finds in him a warm friend and able champion, and for seven years he has been president of the School Board. He was elected to the Territorial Legislature for two years, representing the five south counties of New Mexico and giving his support to all wise legislation calculated to advance the general welfare. He has been a member of the City Council for a number of years, and has been a member of the board of regents of the Agricultural College of New Mexico from its organization up to the present time. He is a progressive, public-spirited man of broad views and advanced ideas, and the community numbers him among its most valued members. His political support is unswervingly given to the Republican party, while socially he is connected with the Masonic fraternity, and is now Past Master of the blue lodge. He is also one of the organizers and charter members of the chapter, and has filled nearly all of its offices.
On the 26th of May, 1863, Mr. Black was happily united in marriage with Miss Eliza J. Ross, of Cambridge, Massachusetts. They were reared in the same town, had attended the same school, and now are traveling life’s journey together, side by side, while their home has been blessed by the presence of two children – M. Lizzie, and George H. They have a beautiful residence in the city where they have so long resided, and their home is noted for its hospitality, which they freely extend to their many warm friends. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Warren Bristol
Warren Bristol, one of New Mexico’s most distinguished citizens, now deceased, was born at Stafford, Genesee county, New York, on the 19th of March, 1823, and descended from early New England ancestry. His father, Dr. Burrage Bristol, and his mother, who bore the maiden name of Sarah Benham, were both natives of Cheshire, Connecticut. The Doctor went to the defense of his country during the war of 1812, serving as Captain of cavalry, and when the country no longer needed his services gave his attention to farming in western New York. His son, Warren, was provided with fair educational privileges, attending in that section the Yates Academy, the Lima Seminary and the Wilson Collegiate Institute. While at the first named he shared his room with E. S. Parker, a Tuscarora Indian, who during the rebellion became a member of General Grant’s staff, and was subsequently Commissioner of Indian Affairs. From that honored representative of the red race Mr. Bristol learned the Indian mode of using the bow and arrow.
When a young man Judge Bristol determined to make the practice of law his life work, and to this end attended Fowler’s Law School. That he might to better advantage prosecute his studies, he removed to Lockport, New York, where he entered the office of Edward I. Chase, a brother of Chief Justice Chase, then a prominent lawyer of that city. At the same time he was engaged as a teacher in the union school of Lockport. He was thorough in his studies and his rapid progress soon gained him admission to the bar, when, seeking a field of broader opportunities, he made his way to the West, where in the less thickly settled districts it was easier to secure a clientage and win advancement. Quincy, Illinois, then became the place of his abode, or rather was his destination. The affairs of a lifetime seem to hinge on trivialities and a seemingly unimportant incident led to a change in his plans. He followed the usual route to the West, going down the Ohio river to Cairo, and thence up the Mississippi, but the boat on which he took passage reached Quincy in the night and the clerk forgot to notify Mr. Bristol that he had reached his destination. He slept until they had long passed that city, so he left the boat at Keokuk, expecting to return. There, however, he became deeply interested in the enthusiastic accounts which some army officers from Fort Snelling were giving of Minnesota. He then determined to go to that State and late in the fall of 1850 he arrived in St. Paul. He did not find the country and its prospects what he expected, but the last boat for the season had gone south and he characteristically made the best of the situation.
Speaking of this era in his life, the Judge said: “The experiences of the first winter months of my residence in Minnesota were by no means flattering to my vanity. I was just out of school and about to locate permanently somewhere and to engage for the first time in the continuous business of life. I had already acquired a facility at temporary expedients to ‘get along,’ for without aid from any source I had maintained myself by my personal efforts since the age of sixteen. By teaching in the public schools of the year and by manual labor during vacations, I succeeded in maintaining myself at the various institutions where I had acquired an education. It is not therefore strange that upon being convinced that there was no immediate prospect of obtaining a respectable living by opening another law office at that time in St. Paul, I should resort to my old habit of a ‘shift’ to help me through the winter.
“I stopped at the Central House, then kept by Robert Kennedy. Before the winter was far advanced all my funds except three pieces of silver, of five francs each, had been exhausted. At that stage I frankly told Mr. Kennedy of my exact financial condition, – told him that I was a lawyer, but saw little or nothing to do in the line of my profession that could yield me immediate support; that I was compelled to spend the winter here, and as an expedient I desired to appear ‘incog’ as a laborer and asked for a job. I made a very favorable impression upon Mr. Kennedy, who at heart is the most generous of men. He took kindly to me at once and gave me employment, a part of my duties being to carry the mail on horseback between St. Paul and the Falls of St. Croix, by way of Stillwater.

“While thus employed in the winter of 1850-1, an incident occurred that has always pleased me very much. The winter was exceedingly dull, and as a means of amusement and mental exercise a debating club was organized in St. Paul, in which nearly all the lawyers then practicing there took part. Among these were Hon. M. Wilkinson, then an attorney and subsequently United States Senator from that State. The debates were held in a frame schoolhouse near the spot where Illingsworth’s jewelry store was afterward located. One evening I attended one of these debates. Mr. Wilkinson was the most prominent speaker on one side. He spoke earnestly and eloquently in his best vein. Among others I volunteered a reply. Mr. Wilkinson’s manner, as it was afterward represented to me, upon inquiring who I was, and being told that I was ‘Bob Kennedy’s hired man,’ could not be construed otherwise than as complimentary to that occupation.”

As soon as possible Mr. Bristol abandoned his temporary occupation to take up the practice of law in Hennepin county, Minnesota, where Minneapolis now stands. He was one of the committee who named that city. He secured an eighty-acre claim on the military reservation and did a law business which mainly concerned contested claims. He was also made County Attorney at the first election held in Hennepin county, but soon after removed to Redwing, where he became a partner of J. N. Murdock. There he became known as an able lawyer, and was elected District Attorney of Goodhue county, and afterward Probate Judge. He was also a recognized leader in political affairs, and in the summer of 1855 presided over the first Republican State convention held in Minnesota, when the party was formally organized. He served as a member of both houses of the State Legislature, being in the State Senate for two terms, and in 1864 he was a member of the national convention in Baltimore, which renominated Abraham Lincoln for the presidency. He also supported Daniel S. Dickinson for vice-president, even after nearly every other vote in the convention was cast for Andrew Johnson. He had now become widely known as a leader in Republican circles throughout the West, and in 1872 was appointed by President Grant as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of New Mexico.

On the 6th of June of that year, Judge Bristol reached Mesilla, then the county seat of Donna Ana county, but almost immediately after came to Grant county, where the following week he opened his first term of court. By three successive presidents he was appointed as Associate Justice, and continued in that office until resigning in 1885. His judicial duties were unusually arduous, but were always performed with faithfulness as well as marked ability. His district included Grant, Donna Ana and Lincoln counties, and he was thus forced to travel over a large amount of territory, while during the “greater part of his Judgship the journeys had to be made by stage or private conveyance. He heard a number of cases which have become historic. He was on the bench during the whole of the Lincoln county war. The county was infested with desperadoes and hardened criminals who held life of no account if it stood in the way of their plans. The conscientious performance of official duty at that time required a rare degree of physical as well as moral courage.

On one occasion there was a plot formed to assassinate the whole “county party,” as the judge, the clerk and the lawyers who traveled together were spoken of. They started for Lincoln county, where court was to convene, and on reaching Tularosa learned that the sheriff had been killed and an attempt at their own lives would probably be made. While deliberating upon the plan to pursue, there arrived a detachment of soldiers under the command of a lieutenant from the military post at Fort Stanton, who gave the Judge a letter from the post commander containing a statement of what had occurred at Lincoln and offering the military escort. The party then proceeded to Fort Stanton and each day under military escort the Judge went to the county seat nine miles distant. It was afterward learned that a party in Lincoln accidentally overheard the laying of the plot to assassinate the court party and immediately started for the post, where he arrived about midnight. The colonel then at once ordered out his men as stated above: hence the timely assistance. Judge Bristol presided at the trial of the desperado known as “Billy, the Kid.”

The position of judge on the bench, when clothed with its true dignity, purity and strength, ranks among the noblest callings of men. Law is the voice of God and the harmony of the world, and its administration should be by conscientious men who are calm in the strength of flawless rectitude. Judge Bristol evinced the possession of qualities and abilities which placed him in the rank of such judges. On the bench his acts were strong and fully of breadth, accuracy and force. In sound judgment, in patient industry, in clear conception of the spirit and scope of jurisprudence and intuitive perception of right, Judge Bristol ranked high in the estimate of bench, bar and public. On the bench it was his aim to be absolutely impartial, and no personal feeling was allowed to interfere with the even-handed administration of justice, The Judge’s judicial service covered the most important period in the history of New Mexico, – the transition period between the old and new eras. In the shaping of the laws, as given by judicial decisions, he had more influence than any other man in the Territory. His district was greater in extent than almost any of the New England or Eastern States, and the cases that came up before him were complicated in the extreme, arising from the peculiarities of the country and time. Mining interests caused litigation that was novel and intricate, and the celebrated cattle wars of Lincoln county and the introduction of the railroads, accompanied by bands of desperadoes, brought on a volume of business that was exceedingly extensive; but he was ever prompt and careful in the dispatch of cases, yet no undue haste was ever manifest. His own mind was clear, keen, comprehensive and decisive. His decisions were ever given concisely and pointedly, and the meaning of a single sentence was never called in question.
In 1889 Judge Bristol received the unanimous election from Grant county as a Delegate to the Constitutional Convention. His health had failed him, but to the important work of the Territory he gave the energies that remained to him, and his opinions, especially on matters connected with the judiciary, had very great weight. It was the last public service of his life and was an important one, the influence of which will be felt throughout the history of New Mexico.
On coming to this Territory, Judge Bristol had located in Mesilla, where he established a beautiful home, his love of flowers being strongly manifest in the grounds and their adornments. Not long after the town of Deming was established, he concluded that it would become the metropolis of southern New Mexico, and in 1882 removed to this place. He built a pleasant and tasteful home, erected the first windmill for irrigation and soon demonstrated that spots in the midst of what seemed an arid plain, by care and attention could be transformed into verdant lawns and flourishing orchards. He was truly in touch with nature, and his love of beauty and his artistic sense formed expression in the beautiful flowers which surrounded his home.

He did not long survive his return to Deming, but passed away on the 12th of January, 1890. Throughout the Territory the loss of this noble man was felt. His public and private career had alike won him friends whose warm regard and’ confidence he ever retained. When the announcement of his death was made in the Supreme Court on the 13th of January, a committtee was appointed to prepare suitable resolutions, and the court then adjourned as a mark of respect. From all parts of the Territory came those of high and low degreee to pay their last tribute of respect to the honored dead. The end came as the grateful rest after a long and busy life, full of noble, honorable deeds, of fidelity to duty in public affairs and of kindliness and charity in private life. He was a consistent member of the Episcopal Church, serving as a vestryman for many years in Christ Church of Redwing, Minnesota. He became connected with the little congregation at Mesilla, and was the leading spirit in the erection of the church at Deming, with which he served as warden. He never, in all the rush and hurry of his judicial career, neglected the holier duties of life, but carefully followed in the footsteps of the Man of Galilee.
His loss came greatest and heaviest, however, to her who for more than a quarter of a century had traveled life’s journey by his side, his loved and faithful wife. While in Minnesota, he returned to his old home in Lockport, New York, and on the 20th of April, 1864, wedded Miss Louisa C. Armstrong, whom he had known from his boyhood days. Theirs was indeed a happy home, their mutual love and confidence increasing as the years went by, and the heartstrings were more closely intertwined until rudely severed by the hand of death. The happy memory of loving kindness, consideration and thoughtfulness, however, is hers, together with the warm sympathy of many friends. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .”; The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Michael C. Carey
Son of William and Mary Carey, was born August 22, 1852, in Philadelphia, Pa. In 1855 his parents removed to New Jersey, in which State the early life of young Carey was spent; he worked on a farm until 1864 and the next four years were spent on a canal boat running from New York to Washington and Philadelphia. In 1868 he started West, and until 1882 engaged in ranching, teaming, and various occupations through Mississippi, Kansas, Missouri, and the Indian Territory. He was then employed as teamster for the Government at Ft. Cummings, N. M., until 1883, in which year he settled in Central New Mexico. He is now engaged in the liquor, livery, ranch and cattle business; in all of which he has been quite successful. He is a good citizen of Central, and is respected by all who know him. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

S. P. Carpenter
Born in Winchester, Brown County, O., April 30, 1849. He received an education afforded by the common schools of his native town. When but sixteen years of age, he accepted the arduous position of “overland pony express rider,” and continued the service for one year. He was then tendered, and accepted, the position of messenger for Wells, Fargo & Co.’s stage line, acting in that capacity for five years. In 1861, he resigned his position with the Wells, Fargo Co., and went to Montana during the first gold excitement in that Territory, and engaged in mining and freighting there and in Utah, with varied success for five years. In 1867 he went to Denver, Col., from thence to Southern Colorado, there engaging in the cattle business up to 1875. In the spring of the same year he went to Silver City, N. M., accepting the position of post-trader, which business he carried on until 1880. Mr. Carpenter is largely interested in the Carpenter-Stanley Cattle Co., one of the largest in Grant County. In December, 1883, he married Mrs. O. C. Jones, one daughter, Hallie, gracing the union. He was appointed county commissioner by Gov. Ross in 1887, serving two years, and was re-elected to fill same position in 1888. He is a self-made man in every respect. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891 – Sub by Pat Houser]

Thomas Nathan Childers
Thomas Nathan Childers, residing at Silver City, New Mexico, is the present County Assessor of Grant county, and is a native of the State of Tennessee. He was born on the 15th of December, 1846, and comes of a family of English origin that for many generations has resided in Virginia and Tennessee. His father, Stephen Patton Childers, was born in Virginia in 1824, and married Miss Elizabeth Stanley, of middle Tennessee, born in 1828. He was engaged in farming until 1875 and then turned his attention to merchandising in Seneca, Missouri, where he still resides. During the Civil war he responded to the President’s call for troops to aid in the preservation of the Union, and served during the greater part of the struggle as a member of the Western department. He was ever faithful and true, and his devotion to the old flag and the cause it represented, joined with that of many other brave men, saved unbroken the greatest Republic on the face of globe. He and his wife were members of the Baptist Church.

Thomas Nathan Childers is the eldest in their family of seven children, five of whom are still living. They removed to Missouri when he was five years of age, and in the common schools of that State he acquired his education. He had hardly passed his fifteenth birthday when the guns of Fort Sumter wakened the nation to the fact that civil war was upon us. He eagerly offered his services, but was rejected on account of his age. That it was no boyish enthusiasm that prompted his enlistment was manifest in 1862, when in order to enter the army, he assumed the name of a man who was of sufficient age and continued his service in this way until the age of seventeen! He then enlisted under his own name, in Company L, Fifteenth Missouri Cavalry, of which his father was a member, and was in the campaign against General Price, which was an almost continuous fight. He participated in the battles of Jefferson City, California, Mexico, Booneville, Lexington, Blues, Osage, and Newtonia, and many other minor campaigns, and though often in the thickest of the fight escaped without a wound, and was mustered out on the 7th of July, 1865. The soldier boy returned to his home with an honorable war record of which he may be justly proud. No time-honored veteran was more faithful to his duty or more courageously followed the lead of his commander than he, who after three years of service was still but a youth over whose head two years would pass ere he attained his majority.

Mr. Childers at once returned to his home in Missouri and there continued until the 11th of February, 1867, when was celebrated his marriage to Miss Melvina U. Taylor, a native of Missouri. He then engaged in farming in that State until 1874, when he sold out and removed to Texas, where he resided for two years. He then went to the Indian Territory, where he engaged in farming for seven years, and in 1882 he came to Grant county, New Mexico, where he was engaged in prospecting and mining in Grant county. He both purchased and sold mines, and is now the sole owner of the Ninety-one mine (silver).

Mr. Childers has been a Republican since the organization of the party, and as such was elected in 1894 to the office of Assessor of Grant county, which position he is now filling in a most acceptable manner. He has resided in Silver city for eight years, and is fully identified with her well-being, doing all in his power to advance her best interests. Securing property, he has erected an excellent residence, which is one of the most hospitable as well as finest homes. It stands in the midst of a block, which is owned entirely by him and which planted with every variety of fruit-trees. Mr. and Mrs. Childers have an interesting family of four children, namely: James William, Eutharah, Thomas Ernest and Pearl. Mr. Childers removed to Silver City in order to give his family better educational privileges. He is thoroughly devoted to their welfare and does all in his power to enhance their happiness. A valued member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, he passed all the chairs in the local lodge, and his wife is a Past Grand in the Daughters of Rebekah branch of the order. Their friends throughout the community are many and their many excellencies of character have gained them the confidence and good will of all. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Henry Classen
Born in California, December 7, 1860. He received the benefit of a common school education in his native State. His advent in commercial life began in San Francisco, CaL, in which city he was employed as a clerk in a dry-goods store for three years. His next venture was in the railroad business, having accepted the position of assistant time clerk in the locomotive department of the Southern Pacific Railroad at Tulare, CaL In 1882 he went to Lordsburg, N. M., acting as assistant agent for the Southern Pacific Railroad, until March 14,1883, when, in connection with his brother, he engaged in a general mercantile business, which he at present continues. On November 6, 1888, he was elected assessor of Grant County, although but twenty-eight years of age. Mr. Classen deserves great credit, as he came to New Mexico without a dollar, and his past life affords abundant reason to believe that a career of still greater usefulness and still higher honors await him in the years to come. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

James Corbin
James Corbin, born in Newport, N. H., in 1838. He received a common school education, and when eighteen years of age went to Iowa, thence to Nebraska, where, his health becoming impaired, he returned to New Hampshire in 1857. During the excitement of Pike’s Peak two years later, he returned to Nebraska. Remaining there a short while, he went to Iowa, where in 1860 he was made United States deputy marshal, and during the same year took the census of Fremont County, Iowa. In the fall of 1861 he returned to New Hampshire and in the office of Hon. Edmund Burke pursued the study of law until the fall of 1864, when he was admitted to the bar of the supreme court of New Hampshire. By reason of continued lung hemorrhages, he was obliged to leave his native State, and upon the advice of his friends came direct to New Mexico, settling finally in Grant County, where he served one term as probate judge. Since 1871 he has resided in Silver City, where he has served one term as mayor and of which city he is now a prominent and active citizen. He is interested in mining and real estate, and owns valuable property in different parts of New Mexico. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

Seaman Field
Judge Seaman Field is a self-educated, self-made man who has risen to his present high position among the citizens of Grant county by his sterling worth, his perseverance and energy in business, and his fidelity to duty in all the walks of life. He has cultivated his native abilities, made good use of his opportunities and has attained to an honorable position among his fellow men, while the community recognizes in him a valued citizen who has actively promoted its best interests. He is now serving as Deputy Collector of Customs in Deming, New Mexico, the only office of the kind in the Territory, and in 1894 he collected $18,000 in debts on cattle within four months.
The Judge was born in Jefferson county, New York, on the 27th of February, 1829. His ancestors were originally from Wales, and located in the State of Vermont previous to the Revolutionary war. His father, Jeremiah Field, was born in Chester, Vermont, on the 8th of May, 1790, was a college graduate, a well informed man and an able lawyer. He spent the greater part of his life in the State of New York, and as the years went by became the oldest settler of Ellisburg. He followed the business of civil engineer, never practicing law, but gave his neighbors and friends the benefit of his counsel, free of charge. He was greatly beloved in the town of which he had so long been a respected and influential citizen, and where he passed away on the 15th of April, 1861. He married Miss Eliza Seaman, who was born November 15, 1800, and was reared in Providence, Rhode Island, her father being Aaron Seaman, of that State. They became the parents of three children: Henry S., born in western Vermont, December 3, 1821, died in LeFox, Illinois, in 1881; Seth Robert, born in Ellisburg, New York, February 16, 1835, was killed in the battle of Mansfield, on the 9th of April, 1864, while serving in the Confederate army. The mother died at LeFox, in the eighty-fourth year of her age. Both Mr. and Mrs. Field were members of the Presbyterian Church and people of the highest respectability.
The Judge was the second son and is now the only survivor of the family. His school privileges were extremely limited, and he has gained the greater part of his knowledge by reading and in the school of experience, where necessity has been an able instructor. He began earning his own livelihood by clerking in his brother’s store at Ellisburg, and subsequently he went to New York city, where he served as a salesman in the wholesale dry-goods house of Seaman & Peck, the senior member of the firm being his uncle. In 1849 he became identified with the South, going to New Orleans, where he had charge of the branch house of that firm. He also traveled extensively over the Southern States, selling goods and collecting, remaining in that locality for ten years, doing a large and profitable business.

On the 22d of March, 1857, Mr. Field was united in marriage with Miss Maggie Clannon, a native of Ireland. During her childhood her parents emigrated to New Orleans, and died during a yellow fever epidemic in that city. She was then reared in the Catholic Orphan Asylum of the Crescent City. Some years after her marriage, being in failing health, her husband took her to San Antonio, Texas, he being engaged there in sheep-raising and in merchandising. Mrs. Field was greatly benefited and lived for a number of years, but passed away on the 14th of October, 1878, in the fortieth year of her age. She left a family of five children, namely: Robert Seth, who was born at San Antonio, Texas, on the 28th of October, 1858, and is now a wholesale jeweler of Los Angeles, California; James Clannon, who was born in San Antonio, September 22, 1862, and is now living in San Antonio, Texas; Kate, now the wife of John Corbett, a resident of Deming, Jessie Bell, who was born in Hackensack, New Jersey; and Nellie Bell, who was born in Texas and is now at home with her father.
Judge Field was again married, at Dallas, Texas, on the 8th of February, 1881, his second union being with Mrs. Achsah Mims, a native of Cumberland county, Kentucky, and a daughter of Johnson Killman, of that State. One child graces the second marriage, Albert – born at Elmo, Texas, on the 23d of June, 1882.

The Judge continued his residence in Texas until 1865, and during the Civil war was a member of the Thirty-third Texas Cavalry in the brigade of General Bee. He served on the frontier of Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas. He enlisted as a private, but was promoted for meritorious and valiant service on the field of battle to the successive ranks of Sergeant, First Lieutenant and Captain, and lastly was made a Lieutenant Colonel. After the war his mercantile house demanded his active supervision of the business in New York city, and he went to that place to purchase the goods which he shipped to San Antonio. He continued in this line of business until 1876, and then retired from the mercantile trade, and returned to Texas. In 1882 he came to Deming, where he has since conducted a ranch and engaged in the wholesale liquor business.

In 1888 Judge Field, by appointment of President Cleveland, was made Collector of Customs at Deming, holding the position four years, and when Mr. Cleveland was again elected as the chief executive of the nation the Judge was again appointed to the office, which he is now filling in a most satisfactory manner. Since coming to New Mexico he has also engaged to a considerable extent in mining, being a stockholder in the Yellow Jacket and Blue Jacket silver and lead producing mines, yielding forty per cent, lead and sixty-eight ounces to the ton in silver. He has been called to other positions of public trust, and while in Texas served one term as Chief Justice of Bexar county. He has for many years taken a deep interest in Freemasonry, has several times served as Past Master and Past High Priest, and is Past Illustrious and Past Eminent Commander.
He is a typical Southern gentleman, warmhearted and genial, and throughout the community in which he lives he is highly respected. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

John W. Fleming
John W. Fleming was born in Fitchburg, Mass., March 11, 1853. He received a very limited education in his native town and in Norwich, Conn. Being of an adventurous spirit he started out when quite young to see the world; in his travels he visited Newburg, N. Y.; Bement, ILL.; Denver, Col.; Canon City, Col.; Rosita, Col.; different points in New Mexico; Globe City, Ariz., and numerous other places. In going to Hillsboro, N. M., he made the trip of 800 miles on foot, living principally upon game which he killed. During all his travels he was engaged in prospecting and mining, and generally met with success. He permanently settled in Silver City, and was elected captain of the first volunteer militia company of Grant County. In 1882 he was married to Miss Petra Romero of Silver City. In 1885 he was elected Mayor of Silver City and has served several terms. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

Bartlett Gilbert, M.D.
Bartlett Gilbert, M.D., of the firm of Williams & Gilbert, prominent medical practitioners of Silver City, New Mexico, is a native of New York, his birth having occurred on the 15th of January, 1864. His parents, Bartlett and Cresensia (Frederick) Gilbert, were both natives of Germany, and their marriage was celebrated in the Empire State. For many years there the father successfully followed the business of paper manufacturing. He and his estimable wife now reside in Denver, Colorado, and he has laid aside all business cares, resting in the enjoyment of the fruits of his former toil. In early life they were members of the Lutheran church, but living where there was not society of that denomination they united with the Methodist Church, and have since been numbered among its faithful and consistent members. Their lives have been well and worthily spent, and their many excellencies of character have gained for them true friendship. Their family numbered seven children, of whom six are yet living.
The Doctor spent the days of his boyhood and youth in his parents’ home, acquired his literary education in the common schools and academy, and then turned his attention to the study of medicine, for which he seemed to have special taste and talent. He entered upon a course in the college of Physicians and Surgeons, medical department of Columbia college, New York city, and was graduated at that institution in the class of 1890. He then practiced for nearly two years in the St. Francis Hospital, of New York city, after which he came to New Mexico. He continued practice alone for two years, and on the 4th of November, 1894, formed the existing partnership with Dr. Williams. This is the leading medical firm of the city. The senior partner is one of the oldest established physicians of this place and both are men of superior skill, keeping abreast with the times in every particular and continuing their investigations along all lines, which will bring them nearer the goal of perfection in their chosen calling. Dr. Gilbert is now a member of the Colorado State Medical Society, and the Denver and Arapahoe County Medical Society.

On the 6th of August, 1895, was celebrated the marriage of Dr. Gilbert and Miss Ella Clayton, an accomplished young lady who was born in the State of Texas. They occupy a high position in social circles and enjoy the esteem of many friends. The Doctor is a Republican in politics, and socially is connected with the Masonic fraternity. A true love of his profession, combined with diligence and superior skill, have made his abilities known and recognized both by the fraternity and by the public. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Hon. Henry Smith Gillett
Those men who go forth as pioneers into a new region as leaders in the march of civilization and progress deserve the gratitude of that region that they open up to development, and their names should find an honorable place on the pages of its history. Mr. Gillett is numbered among the early settlers of New Mexico and has put forth effective efforts for the progress and welfare of the Territory. He is now one of the most prominent merchants of Silver City, and is most highly esteemed by all who know him.
Mr. Gillett was born April 13, 1827, and is of French ancestry. His parents were John and Mary Ann (Fistre) Gillett. The father died before our subject was old enough to have any recollection of him, but the mother afterward married again, and lived to the age of sixty-four years. There were two sons born of the first union, of whom Henry S. is the eldest. The public schools of Missouri provided him his educational privileges, which however were limited to only a few months’ attendance each year when the work upon the farm was practically over. With the opening of spring he began the labors of the fields, plowing and planting, and as the months advanced he continued his work until the crops were harvested in the autumn. In 1848 he went to Chihuahua, Mexico, where he engaged in clerking in a general store belonging to his uncle, Mr. Fistre. In 1849 he went to El Paso, New Mexico, where he established a mercantile store, purchasing his goods in St. Louis, where a recommendation from his uncle secured him the necessary credit. He was joined by his brother in the business, and in partnership they carried on the store, securing a large trade, until the breaking out of the Civil war. They were then obliged to close the store and went to San Antonio, Texas.

When hostilities had ceased, Mr. Gillett returned to El Paso, where for a time he was engaged in clerking. He then came to Silver City and entered the employ of Mr. Morrill and subsequently of the firm of Bennett & Wilson. He was also employed as a salesman at Fort Bliss for two or three years before coming to Silver City. Later he again established business on his own account, and afterward admitted to a partnership in the store his son, James W. The business steadily and rapidly increased, the facilities were enlarged to meet the growing demand of the trade, and today they have one of the largest and best appointed general mercantile establishments in the city. Two sons of the senior member are employed in the house, and the experience and sound judgment of Mr. Gillett, combined with the energy and activity of the younger men, form a firm that cannot but prove a prosperous one, since their honorable business policy commands the confidence of all. In 1895 they lost heavily through the great flood, and received many offers of assistance from the houses with which they had been dealing; but while appreciating this mark of confidence and courtesy they with thanks declined the offers, believing they could continue their business without outside assistance. They have a reputation for liberal, honorable and straightforward dealing which extends over a wide area of the country, and the firm of Gillett & Son is known throughout the Territory. The senior member is now quite well advanced in life, and leaves the management of the business largely to his son, while he is enjoying a rest that he has truly earned and richly deserves.

On the l0th of March, 1859, Mr. Gillett married Miss Ellen Gillock, and to them were born five children, all yet living, namely: John H., James W., William F., Mary Ella, now the wife of Sidney Derbyshire, and Zoe, wife of John F. Kives. Mr. Gillett was made a Mason in 1863, and is now a member of the chapter of Silver City. While in Texas he was appointed Chief Justice of El Paso county by Governor Sam Houston, and also held the office under Houston’s successor. Mr. Gillett is a man of the highest integrity of character and strong personality, and he and his family move in the best circles of society of the community where they have so long resided. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

S. T. Harkey
S. T. Harkey, born in Mississippi, November 3, 1849. He received a preparatory education in his native town, and later was graduated at the Poughkeepsie Business College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., where he afterward taught school one year. He returned to Mississippi and in January, 1887, went to Silver City, N. M., where he accepted the position of cashier of the First National Bank [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

Arthur Howard Harllee
Arthur Howard Harllee, of Silver City, New Mexico, was born in Marion county, South Carolina. His great-grandfather, Peter Harllee, an Englishman by birth, was for many years a Captain in the British Navy, from which he retired late in life, and took up his residence in Virginia about the year 1758. Soon after settling in that State, being a bachelor of sixty years of age, he married Miss Anne Leake. Four children were the fruits of said marriage, of whom two daughters and his youngest child, Thomas Harllee, grew to maturity. Peter Harllee dying soon after the Revolution, his son Thomas moved with his aged mother and sisters to the then named Liberty District, subsequently changed to Marion, South Carolina, where he became the architect of his own fortune. He married Elizabeth Stuart, of Scotch ancestry. Her father had been a gallant soldier of the Revolution under General Francis Marion, and was noted for his fearless, daring spirit. Thomas Harllee acquired, for that period, a considerable property, educating and establishing in life six sons and two daughters. He served in the State Senate from Marion for many years, and also filled other offices of prominence and trust. He was one of the organizers of the town of Marion, which was made the county seat of Marion county. A leading and influential citizen, he commanded the respect of all who knew him, and the honors which were bestowed upon him were justly merited. Doctor Robert Harllee, the fourth son of Thomas Harllee, and the father of Silver City’s well known attorney, was graduated at the Medical College of Charleston, South Carolina. He pursued the practice of his profession several years in the town of Marion. In the year 1838 he married, in Marion county, Mrs. Amelia Howard, a widow, whose maiden name was Cannon. Her grandfather resided in Charleston county, South Carolina, at the breaking out of the Revolution, where in his youth he joined “Marion’s Band,” and served under him throughout that war. He married a Miss Irvin on the Pee Dee river, and soon after the Revolution moved with her to Darlington county, South Carolina, where he was elected to serve in the first Legislature held in the State of South Carolina. He was a man of marked energy and integrity, as his success in every respect gave ample proof. His son, William H. Cannon, inherited the sterling qualities of his father. He accumulated a large property, was held in high esteem by all, and served repeated terms in the State Senate. He left seven children; the mother of our subject being the fourth daughter. Doctor Robert Harllee, by his said marriage, came into possession of a large amount of property. He then engaged in planting, which he pursued to the time of his death. He passed away in 1872, and his wife died four years later. Throughout his life Doctor Robert Harllee took an active and prominent part in politics, and by his party was recognized as an able leader and wise counselor. He represented his county in the House of Representatives and Senate for a number of terms, covering a period when the tide of political excitement ran highest, being a member of the Senate at the breaking out of the Civil war. He was for years a warm friend and ardent disciple of John C. Calhoun, and, while too old to engage in active service, he contributed largely of his ample means in support of the cause to which he was so devotedly attached, the greatest sacrifice which he offered to that cause being his oldest son, who died in the service at Manassas, Virginia.
Arthur Howard Harllee, the youngest in a family of eleven children, was educated at Wofford College, in Spartanburg, South Carolina, pursuing a classical course. All of the property of the family was lost as the result of the late war, and our subject being thus thrown upon his own resources engaged in teaching school. He had no capital save the abilities with which nature had endowed him and the education he had acquired. He was principal of the academy at Florence, South Carolina, and afterward occupied the same position in Marion, that State. While engaged in teaching, he pursued the study of law under the direction of his uncle, General W. W. Harllee, of Marion. In 1884 he entered the Albany Law School, of Albany, New York, and on completing the curriculum was graduated in May, 1885, with the degree of LL. B.
In September, 1885, Mr. Harllee came to the West, and at once located in Silver City, New Mexico, where he has since resided, devoting himself exclusively to the practice of his profession. In January, 1895, ne was appointed by Governor Thornton to the position of District Attorney for the counties of Grant and Sierra, which position he now occupies. He has been a lifelong Democrat, unswerving in his loyal support of the principles of that party, and is a prominent member of the Masonic order, being a Past Master of the Masonic lodge at Silver City. He is a thoroughly read lawyer and an able advocate, who ranks high in professional circles; a man of high moral character, of modest and unassuming demeanor, and in all the relations of life is the soul of honor, winning and retaining the high respect of those with whom he has been brought in contact. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

O. C. Hinman
O. C. Hinman, the leading furniture dealer and undertaker of Silver City, is a Western man by birth and training and possesses the true Western spirit of enterprise and progress. He was born in Monona, Iowa, on the 18th of July, 1859, and is of English lineage, his ancestors having crossed the Atlantic from the British Isles to become residents of Cattaraugus county, New York, in an early day. O. C. Hinman, Sr., the father of our subject, was born there, and throughout his life has followed farming, being now engaged in agricultural pursuits in Hardin, Iowa. He married Miss Cynthia Patterson, a native of Pennsylvania, and also a descendant of one of the early families of the East. They had seven children, and the family circle yet remains unbroken by the hand of death. Both parents are members of the Methodist Church, prominent and active in its work, and well spent lives have gained for them high regard.
Mr. Hinman, of this review, is the fourth child of the family. He was educated in the public schools of his native State, and in his youth learned telegraphy, and worked at railroading for three years. That business not being to his taste, however, he decided to come to the southwest, and located in Silver City, New Mexico, on the 13th of June, 1883. He accepted the position of deputy Postmaster, and served in that capacity for a year, after which he opened a fruit store. A year later that was sold and in 1886 he embarked in the furniture business, being now the leading merchant in this line in Silver City. His store is 54 x 76 feet, with an annex 16 x 48 feet, where he carries a large stock of furniture and undertaking goods. He now enjoys an extensive business, having the whole trade of Silver City and the surrounding country for many miles in each direction. He has erected a store building and also one of the pleasant homes of the city, and today stands high among the people as one of the representative and most thoroughly reliable business men.
On the 16th of June, 1884, Mr. Hinman was united in marriage with Miss Minnie Stanley, of Indiana, and their union has been blessed with two children, — Ruth and Gifford Thomas, both born in Silver City. Our subject has served as Town Coroner for a number of years, and in politics takes quite an active part, supporting the Republican party. He is pre-eminently a public-spirited man, and gives a commendable support to all enterprises calculated to advance the general welfare. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Col. Richard Hudson
Colonel Richard Hudson, of Silver City, New Mexico, is one of the most noted pioneers of the Territory. He came to that Territory from California as a brave young soldier in 1863, and has since made it the scene of his busy and eventful life. He was born in England on the 22d of February, 1839, and as an orphan boy was brought by relatives to this country, his parents having died in the land of his birth. He was educated in the city of Brooklyn, and in 1852 accompanied his relatives to California, again attending school in San Francisco. In 1856 he ran away from his adopted parents and went to the mines at Oroville, where he began the battle of life on his own account as a placer miner.
Mr. Hudson remained there until 1861, when, on the breaking out of the Civil war, he aided in raising the First California Regiment, known as Colonel Little’s regiment. It was not sent to the front, however, and in consequence was disbanded; but Mr. Hudson, determined to aid the Union cause, joined the service as a member of Company I, Fifth California Infantry. He was made First Sergeant, and with the regiment went to Lower California with orders to arrest the rebels wherever they were found and thus prevent them from going to join the Confederacy. In the spring of 1863 meritorious service won him promotion to the rank of Second Lieutenant. With his command he marched to the Rio Grande and the Mesilla valley for the purpose of attacking the rebels, but found that they had left the Territory of New Mexico, and their efforts were then turned against the Indians, protecting the settlers and emigrants. They participated in many battles and skirmishes with the wily foe and rendered much valuable service on the frontier. In the fall of 1864 Mr. Hudson was promoted to the rank of First Lieutenant and Adjutant. When his first term of service expired he veteranized and continued with the “boys in blue” until the hostilities had ceased and his aid was no longer needed. He was then mustered out at Fort Union, New Mexico, on the 17th of October, 1866. In 1868 he was appointed Captain of Militia by Governor Robert Mitchell, and afterward promoted Major by Governor Lew Wallace; and made Colonel of the First Regiment of New Mexico by Governor Lionel A. Sheldon, after which he resigned.
After his muster out in the autumn of 1866, Colonel Hudson went to the mining camp of Pinos Altos, in Grant county, and at once became one of the prominent factors of the town. He engaged in keeping hotel, carried on mining, ran a stage, carried the mail and engaged in freighting ore. In 1868, when Grant county was organized, he was elected its first Sheriff, and served in that capacity for two years. He was brave, fearless and true in the discharge of his duties. When his term as Sheriff had expired, he was elected Judge of the Probate Court, and served in that capacity for four years in the most creditable manner.
Silver City was founded in 1870, and the following year Colonel Hudson became one of its residents, and has since been an important factor in its development, progress and upbuilding. Hudson street was named in his honor. He has been a recognized leader in business affairs, carrying on the livery business and freighting, which have proved to him profitable undertakings. He also purchased the hot springs now known as the Hudson Hot Springs, and in 1876 erected there a hotel and bath houses, fitting it up as a resort for those who wished to be benefited by the curative properties of the hot water. He was also engaged in the cattle business, and his home was a station on the stage route. Around his hotel he planted many varieties of fruit trees and grapes, and developed a most delightful and healthful resort in the Territory. In March, 1892, while he was attending the Grand Army Encampment held at Deming, the hotel caught fire and was burned to the ground. There was no insurance upon the buildings, and hi furniture, clothing, and in fact nearly everything he had was destroyed, causing a very severe loss.
The Colonel now removed to Silver City, where he conducted the Timmer Hotel, the best house in the city. Not long after he was appointed by President Harrison to the office of Indian agent for the Mescalaro tribe of Apaches and held that position until the inauguration of President Cleveland, when he resigned. He has since sold out his Hot Springs property and has retired from all active business save stock-dealing and raising. His life has been an active and varied one. He has owned and handled a large amount of Silver City property and has had much to do with the upbuilding of the town and the development of the county.
In 1871 Colonel Hudson wedded Miss Mary E. Stevens, who has since been his faithful companion and helpmeet on life’s journey, sharing with him in the joys and sorrows, the adversity and prosperity, of life. They now have one daughter, Mamie, an interesting young lady, who was born in Silver City. Mrs. Hudson is a lady of culture and refinement who presides with grace and dignity over their pleasant home, which is noted for its hospitality. She was one of the founders of the hospital for the aged and sick at Silver City, and her many acts of kindness and benevolence have won her the love of all. The Colonel is a Royal Arch Mason, a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and also belongs to the Grand Army of the Republic. Like most brave pioneers of every land, he is a man of large heart, full of generous impulses, alike faithful to his duties of citizenship in times of peace and times of war, and ever faithful to a trust reposed in him, whether of a public or private nature. His life has in many respects been an exemplary one, and he well deserves mention in the history of his adopted Territory. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Wilbur L. Jackson
Wilbur L. Jackson, a prominent druggist of Silver City, New Mexico, is a self-made man who without any extraordinary family or pecuniary advantages at the commencement of life has battled earnestly and energetically, and by indomitable courage and integrity has achieved both character and competence. To no man more than to Mr. Jackson do the qualities which command admiration and respect belong. By sheer force of will and uniting effort he has made for himself an honored name among the business me of Silver City.
Our subject was born in Fayette, Howard county, Missouri, on the 19th of August, 1862, and springs from an old American family. His father, Prior Jackson, was born in the State of Tennessee, and removed to Missouri at an early age, becoming one of the pioneer settlers of Howard county. His worth and ability were soon recognized, and he was known as one of the prominent and influential citizens of that locality, holding at different times the offices of Sheriff, Collector and Assessor of the county. He continued to reside eat Fayette until his life’s labors were ended by death, and he passed to his final rest in the sixty-fifth year of his age. He had married Miss Martha Slayton, a native of the State of Tennessee, who still survives her husband and is now living in Missouri.
The gentleman whose name introduces this review was the sixth child in his father’s family. He acquired his education in Central College, of Fayette, Missouri, and was graduated at that institution in the class of 1878, having taken the full course there. The was then well fitted for the practical and responsible duties of life. He learned the drug business in his native town, and in 1889 he arrived in silver city, New Mexico, where he secured a situation as drug clerk. He was employed in several different stores in the city until August, 1891, when he began business on his own account, with a capital he had acquired through industry, perseverance and frugality. He has prospered in his undertakings, and his industry by and honorable dealings won him and enviable reputation, which has secured to him a liberal patronage. He now has a well-appointed establishment, containing everything found in his line of trade, his stock consisting of drugs, paints, school-books, and stationery. He does both a wholesale and retail business, and is now one of the prominent and successful merchants of the city.
An important event in the life of Mr. Jackson occurred on the 20th of September, 1883, when was celebrated his marriage to Miss Lizzie Rees, a native of Missouri. She came with him to Silver City, and they have made many friends in this locality. They hold an enviable position in social circles, where true worth and intelligence are received as the passports into good society, and their own home is noted for its hospitality.
In political faith Mr. Jackson is a Republican, active and earnest in support of the party whose principles he warmly advocates. He has studied closely the issues of the day, and can give a reason for the faith that is in him. He does all in his power to promote the growth and insure the success of his party, but has never been a politician in the sense of office-seeking, preferring to devote his entire time and attention to his business duties. His life record is both commendable and honorable, and in many respects is very exemplary. When he arrived in Deming, New Mexico, he had only sixteen cents in his pocket, but he possessed a resolute spirit and unfaltering courage, and resolved to secure a good business and home. This he has done, and today he is a worthy representative of the commercial interests of Silver City. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Lewis Kennon
Lewis Kennon, A. M., M. D., a retired physician, residing in Silver City, is the oldest member of the profession now in the Territory of New Mexico, and is a man of fine educational attainments. He was born in Augusta, Georgia, on the 12th of January, 1829, descending from ancestors who left their home in Yorkshire, England, and crossed the Atlantic to the Colony of Virginia, during the reign of King James I. They were among the first settlers of the Old Dominion, and were prominent in the early history of the country, participating in the events which clustered about the birth of the new Republic, aiding in the Revolutionary war, while one of the number (grandfather of the Doctor) served on the staff of General LaFayette, and was seriously wounded in the battle of Brandywine. After the war he carried on an extensive business as a tobacco planter.
Lewis Kennon, the Doctor’s father, was born in Virginia in 1774, and when a young man removed to Georgia, where from 1808 until 1812 he carried on a large plantation. He afterward held the position of midshipman in the United States Navy. His wife bore the maiden name of Rhoda Chadwick, and was also a native of Georgia. Three sons were born to Lewis and Rhoda Kennon, the Doctor, Charles Henry and Robert P. The last mentioned became a Lieutenant in the Union army, and died soon after the close of the war.
Our subject, the second son, acquired his education in the William and Mary College, of Virginia, being graduated at that well-known institution in the class of 1846. In 1852 he came to New Mexico, as Assistant Surgeon of the United States Army, and for some years traveled all over the Territory. In 1861 he went on a trip to the Old World, visiting London and Paris and continued his residence in Europe, studying medicine, until 1863. He opened an office in Santa Fe on his return to New Mexico, and there he engaged in the successful practice of his profession for twenty years, after which he came to Silver City, where he has since resided. His skill and ability were widely recognized by the members of the profession, all of whom honor and esteem him for his genuine worth. He is now living retired at the Sisters’ Hospital. His life has been well and worthily spent, largely given to the benefit of others.
The Doctor was married in 1860, to Miss Mary A. Brown, a native of Ireland, and to them were born the following children: Lewis, John, Lamy, Winfred, Anthony and Alice, now the wife of Dr. Robert E. Smith, of Los Angeles, California. The mother of this family has been called to the home beyond this life, and the children are now all settled in life. In religion the Doctor is an adherent of the Catholic faith. He is the Nestor of the medical profession in New Mexico, and is very widely and favorably known, his life having been such as to command the highest regard and confidence of all with whom he has been brought in contact. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Israel King
Hon. Israel King, of Deming, New Mexico, is one of Grant county’s most enterprising and successful citizens, and as such is entitled to honorable mention in a work of this character. With a reputation for the highest possible integrity, with a record of success in business, and with a large circle of devoted friends, he stands today as a public-spirited citizen, worthy of the high place which he occupies in the esteem of all. He is a native of Akron, Ohio, born on the 26th of July, 1852, and is of English ancestry. His grandfather, Leicester King, was born in Connecticut, and became a successful merchant of that State. Subsequently he removed to Ohio, casting his lot with the pioneer settlers of the Western Reserve, where he became widely and favorably known, and won further successes in business and honor in political life. He was sent as a Representative to the State Legislature, and his name became inseparably connected with the history of Ohio, for in connection with General Perkins he founded and platted the town of Akron.
The father of our subject, who also bore the name of Leicester King, accompanied the grandfather to the Buckeye State during his childhood, was there reared and educated, and when he had attained to years of maturity, joined his father in the mercantile business. On the breaking out of the great Civil war he offered his services to the Government and was commissioned a Captain of the Seventh Ohio Infantry, serving throughout the greater part of that sanguinary struggle. He participated in many hard-fought battles, and rendered his country valuable service. Mr. King married Miss Eliza Purinton, a daughter of Nathaniel Purinton, formerly of the State of Maine. They had three sons and three daughters who all reached maturity. The father completed the Psalmist’s span of life, — three-score and ten, — but the mother passed away at the age of forty-six.
Israel King was their third child. He was educated in the Western Reserve College, and fitting himself for the legal profession was graduated at the National Law College in Washington, District of Columbia, in May, 1877. After practicing law for a short time in the East he came to New Mexico in 1879, locating in Grant county. Here he engaged in school-teaching, and when he abandoned that profession to up the business of stock-raising, which he has followed continuously since with satisfactory result, making it a paying investment. He has extended his operations as his financial resources have increased, and now has about 9,000 head of high-grade cattle of all ages. His is one of the finest stock ranches in this section of the Territory, and his capable management has been the means of bringing to him the success which crowns his efforts. His prosperity has come as a result of his own exertions, his energetic labor and indefatigable perseverance.
Mr. King has been a lifelong Republican, unwavering in his allegiance to the party, and in 1888 was made its candidate for the office of Territorial Representative. He made a thorough and successful canvass, and winning the election ably represented the counties of Donna Ana, Sierra, Grant and Lincoln in the General Assembly. Since his return to private life he has given the greater part of his time to his business interests. In 1894, however, he was prevailed upon to accept the nomination for County Commissioner, but lost the election by four votes.
On the 16th of August, 1892, was consummated the marriage of Mr. King and Miss Mary E. Kephart, daughter of the Rev. William G. Kephart, a Presbyterian minister of the State of Iowa. They now have a lovely little daughter, born in Deming, to whom they have given the name of Nadine. In 1892 Mr. King built at Deming a very handsome and commodious abode residence, where he and his little family are surrounded with all the comforts that wealth can bring and happiness can procure. Their hospitality is unbounded and their home is ever open to the reception of their friends, who are indeed many. Mr. King is an active and worthy member of the Masonic fraternity, in which he has risen to the Knight-Templar degree, and is also a Knight of Pythias. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Andrew B. Laird
Andrew B. Laird is serving as Collector of Taxes in Grant county, New Mexico, his home being in Silver City. He was born in Crawfordsville, Indiana, on the 3d of July, 1854. His ancestors lived among the highlands of Scotland, and on emigrating to America took up their residence in the city of Montreal, Canada, where the father of our subject, Henry G. Laird, was born, 1819. When a young man he removed to Crawfordsville, Indiana, where he married Miss Martha Barr, a native of the State of Pennsylvania, born in Lancaster. They spent the residue of their lives in the Hoosier State, and reared a family of five sons and four daughters, all of whom are yet living. The mother departed this life at the age of fifty-five years, while the father passed away in the sixty-fourth year of his age.
Their son, Andrew B., was the eldest of the family. In his native town he acquired his education, and at the age of twenty years he learned the bricklayer’s trade and became aa contractor and builder. Removing to Newton, Kansas, h there followed his chosen occupation for a number of years, and also erected many buildings in McPherson and Lyons, Kansas. In 1880 he came to Las Vegas, New Mexico, where he did business as a brick contractor and builder, being also numbered among the citizens of Bernalillo for two years. In 1882 he went to Deming, and was a prominent factor in the upbuilding of that town for about five years, arriving in Silver City on the 1st of January, 1887. He had been elected to the position of Sheriff of Grant county on the Republican ticket, and, after serving his two-years’ term, returned to Deming, where he built the large bank building, also the Canyaigre works. In 1892 he was again elected Sheriff of the county, and capably served for a second term of two years. In 1894 he was elected to his present office, that of Tax Collector of Grant county.

In 1880 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Laird and Miss Flora A. Height, of Sterling, Kansas. Their only child lived to be but five months old. Mr. Laird takes a deep interest in the growth and upbuilding of the Masonic fraternity, was one of the organizers of the blue lodge of Deming, and its first Master. He also belongs to the chapter and commandery, is a Mystic Shriner, and for two years was Senior Grand Warden of the Grand Lodge of New Mexico.
Mr. Laird is now engaged in stock-dealing, raising both horses and cattle. He is also engaged in turquoise mining, owning an interest in a valuable mine, the Columbia, in the Burro mountains. This mine he is now operating, and in it have been found as fine turquoise as have been produced anywhere in the world. They shade in color from a light to a dark blue, and the yield is a productive and profitable one. Mr. Laird is now opening a market in London, England, and it is expected that he will derive large results therefrom. He has a nice home in Silver City, and both he and his wife have many warm friends. His great success in the business world is due to no one but himself. He started in life with no capital, and with nothing but an ability and willingness to work to aid him; and these characteristics, coupled with fairness and justice in dealing with his fellowmen, have enabled him to win success and an honorable position among business men. In every position in which circumstances have placed him he has acquitted himself creditable, and each incident of his career reflects honor on him as a man and as a citizen. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Benjamin Terry Link
Benjamin Terry Link, Superintendent of Schools of Grant county, and a reliable and influential business man of Silver City, was born in Missouri, twelve miles from St. Louis, on the 15th of May, 1848. The family from which he is descended is of German origin, and was early founded in Virginia, while among its members were numbered Kentucky pioneers who participated in the events that formed the early history of that State. They were also numbered among the heroes of the Revolution, and the Professor’s ancestry is one of which he has just reason to be proud. His grandfather, Absalom Link, was born in Missouri, on the old homestead which had been located by his father, who purchased the land of the Government. There Benjamin Terry Link, the father of our subject was also born. The latter wedded Miss Nancy W. Link, a second cousin, and they became the parents of three children, but the first two children and the father died shortly before the birth of our subject, who is now the only survivor of the family.
His education was acquired in La Grange College, in Missouri, and he remained with his mother until he had attained his majority. He inherited his father’s estate, and after farming the old home place for a number of years sold the property and began clerking in a store in Hannibal, Missouri. His health then failed him and his physician said he was suffering from consumption, and advised him to go to New Mexico. This advice he followed, becoming a resident of the Territory in 1885. He had been married in 1881 to Miss Josephine Bennett, a daughter of Major R. J. Bennett, of Missouri. He brought his family with him to Silver City, and secured a clerkship in the store of Morrell & Company, but his health again failed him and he removed to a ranch in the mountains above PinosAltos, where he was engaged in stock-raising and dairying. The outdoor life and exercise proved the tonic needed, and, having regained his health, he entered the employ of H. H. Betts, a merchant of Silver City, with whom he remained for two and a half years. His next service was with Mr. Brockman, as manager of his ranch and store on the Mimbres. There he remained for more than a year, when he returned to Silver City and became the owner of the stage line from that place to Black Hawk. He successfully managed his new enterprise for a year and a half, and then purchased the news and cigar stand in the post office, conducting that business until January, 1895, when he sold and purchased the meat market of which he is now proprietor. He has a well conducted establishment, and has succeeded in procuring a large trade.
The political support of Mr. Link is given to the Democracy, and in the autumn of 1894 he was elected on that ticket to the position of County Superintendent of Schools of Grant county, in which capacity he is now acceptably serving. There are thirty-six districts in the county, school being held in thirty-two of that number, and he is now doing all in his power to advance the case of education and insure the establishment and continuance of good schools. Socially, he is connected with the Order of Red Men, and in religious belief both he and his wife are Baptists. They have pleasant home in Silver city, which is shared by three sons, — Clarence Welch, Harold Booth and Edmundson Benjamin. Their home is a commodious and tasteful one, and in addition to this property Mr. Link owns several other buildings in the city, which stand as monuments to his thrift and enterprise. He has been the architect of his own fortune and has builded wisely and well. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Martin Maher
Martin Maher, one of the respected business men of Silver City, and a leading member of the City Council, is a native of Ireland. He was born on the 19th of March, 1843, and is a son of James and Catherine Maher, who were also natives of the Emerald Isle. The parents were married in their native land and in 1852 sailed for the United States, bringing with them their family of seven children. Being before the day of steam navigation they made a long voyage before reaching the shores of the New World. The father worked as a common laborer to earn a living for himself and family, and had been in America only two years when death claimed him. He thus left to his wife the care of their large family.
Our subject was the second in order of birth and the eldest son. He attended the public schools of Urbana, Ohio, — where the family resided, — until the death of his father, when he was obliged to begin work in order to provide for his own livelihood and aid in the support of the younger children of the family. He was then but twelve years of age and the responsibility which rested upon his young shoulders was a heavy one but he faithfully performed his task. He began work in a cotton-mill, at $1.25 per week, boarding at home, and when a year had passed he engaged to drive a team in the construction of the Columbus & Indianapolis Railroad, now the “Pan Handle” Railroad. For this service he received $8 per month, and was employed in that capacity for six months. He next secured a situation as a farm hand at $6 per month and board, and for five months he continued farm work, carefully saving his wages and giving them to his mother for the support of the younger children of the family. During these early years they experienced many privations and hardships, but it was the furnace which brought out the gold in the character of our subject. It was the true test of manhood, and he developed a self-reliance and force of character which have been of incalculable benefit to him in later life. In 1859 Mr. Maher began learning the baker’s trade, which he followed for two years in Urbana, Ohio.
The Civil war then came on, and he entered the quartermaster’s department, working in the Government bake-shop in Nashville, under Colonel Irving, his service being continued there until the South had laid down its arms and the war was over. For a year longer he remained in Nashville, working at his trade. The cause of the Union was dear to him, and though he was not in active service, he was ever a loyal defender of his country. In 1866 he enlisted in Company D, Fifth United States Infantry, and was immediately sent with his regiment to Fort Sumner, New Mexico, where he remained fourteen months, serving against the Indians. The command was next ordered to Fort Reynolds, Colorado, where our subject remained until the expiration of his three-years term of service.
On leaving the army, Mr. Maher went to Kansas and ran a pile-driver on the railroad for seventeen months, receiving in compensation for his services $150 per month, the greater part of which he saved. Going then to Texas, he had charge of a gang of men engaged on the construction of the Texas Central Railroad, in the employ of Tucker & Albright, for four years. On the 16th of August, 1874, he arrived in Silver City, where he engaged in the bakery business for two months in the employ of others. He next established a business of his own, and is now conveniently located in the very center of the town, where he enjoys a large and lucrative trade. He is an industrious and thoroughly capable workman, and under his able management the business grew rapidly. He was the first cracker-manufacturer in the Territory, and soon had a good wholesale as well as retail trade. The demand for his goods rapidly increased and prosperity came to him as the reward of his earnest labors and close application. As his financial resources increased, he extended his field of operations by adding a stock of groceries and confectionery, and his establishment is now a leader in his line of trade in the Territory. His course has been an honorable and upright one, and he is deservedly successful. He exhibited his goods at the first Territorial fair held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, and received a diploma for the choice quality of his exhibit. He now owns the block situated at the corner of Ballard and Yankee streets, where he does business, and in connection with this he has one of the finest residences of the town.
Mr. Maher is now serving as a member of the City Council, which position he has filled for seven years, and is considered one of the best and most honorable residents of this community. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity,having joined the lodge in Pueblo, Colorado, and is a charter member of Silver City Lodge, No. 8, and has filled its various offices, including that of Treasurer. He first became connected with the fraternity in 1868, at which time he was initiated into its mysteries in Pueblo Lodge, No. 17, Free and Accepted Masons. He is now one of most esteemed and honored members of the blue lodge of Silver City, and also belongs to the chapter.

In 1879 Mr. Maher led to the marriage altar Miss Kate E. Howe, a native of Massachusetts. They have an adopted son, Charles. Our subject is pre-eminently a self-made man, for, thrown upon his own resources at the tender age of twelve years, he has steadily and persistently worked his way upward, winning a handsome property and at the same time gaining the confidence and good will of all whom he has met. His example should be inspiring to young men, who like him have their own ways to make in the world. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Samuel P. McRea
Samuel P. McRea, president of the New Mexico College of Agriculture and Mechanical Arts, was born in Guernsey county, Ohio, on the 29th of April, 1857, and is of Scotch-Irish ancestry. His grandfather, David McCrea, emigrated from the north of Ireland to eastern Ohio early in the century. He was a man of intelligence a school-teacher by profession, and after locating in Ohio he followed farming. In religious belief he was what was then known as a Covenanter, but would now be called a Presbyterian. He lived to the ripe old age of about ninety years.
James McCrea, father of our subject, was born in Belmont county, Ohio, in 1820, and was graduated in 1855 at Madison College, at Antrim, Ohio, in the classical course, and in 1861, at the Associate Reformed Theological Seminary, of Allegheny, Pennsylvania, and became later a United Presbyterian minister, devoting his life to gospel work, in which he is still actively engaged, although he has reached the age of seventy-five years. He wedded Miss Mary L. Ruth, of Guernsey, Ohio, and there were born to them seven children, all yet living. The mother of this family passed away in 1881, at the age of forty-seven years. She was born in Pennsylvania a short time before the removal of her parents to Ohio. She received a good English education and was for several years a teacher. She was a woman of great force of character and high literary ability.
Professor McCrea spent his childhood days on the old home farm, and his early education was obtained in the district and graded schools of his native State. He was ten years of age when the family removed to Gibson county, Indiana, where the succeeding six years of his life were passed. During that time he pursued his studies in the graded schools of Somerville and Oakland City, and was for two sessions a student in the Oakland City Normal School under Professor Lee Tomlin.
The greater part of his life has been devoted to teaching. He first took charge of a district school in Pike county, Indiana, in the fall of 1872, at which time he was probably the youngest male teacher in the State, having completed his first school before his sixteenth birthday. Soon after it closed he returned with the family to Guernsey county, Ohio, where they remained for two years. During this period Profess McCrea taught in the district schools of Guernsey county, and further perfected his own education by two terms of study as a freshman in Muskingum College. Again, in the spring of 1875, the family returned to Indiana, locating in Boone county, and the following winter he taught in his own district. In the spring of 1876 he entered the State Normal School, of Indiana, at Terre Haute, for the purpose of fitting himself for teaching, and passed an examination which admitted him to the highest grade of new students. While attending this institution, although one of the youngest members of his class, he ranked among the highest in scholarship, won the esteem of the faculty, and was graduated in June, 1879. The State Normal School is one of the leading educational institutions of Indiana. Upon graduation a simple certificate is given, showing the completion of the course. After two years of successful experience as a teacher, — this success being certified to by aboard of education or county superintendent, — the graduate receives the much prized diploma. No degrees are conferred upon the graduates, but the diploma in almost any of the Western States is a sufficient guaranty of ability to secure the holder a position as teacher without further examination. It should not be over-looked that from early boyhood until his twenty-third year a part or the whole of each summer was spent in farm labor by this young man. Thus was a vigorous constitution developed, and thereby was acquired a knowledge of farm work which has proven of great value to its possessor.
Professor McCrea now entered upon a successful career of teaching in the Hoosier State, winning a high reputation as one of the leading instructors of Indiana. He taught in a district school in Knox county, was employed as instructor in the County Institute at Vincennes, and later, in connection with Professor O. L. Kelso, a former classmate, now professor of mathematics in the State Normal School, he established a select school known as the Bruceville High School and Normal Institute. After teaching a second district school in Vermillion county, Indiana, he became principal of the graded schools of Francisco, and later principal of the graded schools of Bruceville. There in 1882, assisted by Burton T. Wharton, he again conducted the Normal Institute, which in the short space of four years greatly advanced the educational interests of the county. While thus engaged he prepared and published three valuable text books, — Outlines of History, Sentence Analysis and Physiology. These had an extensive sale, being regarded as model class manuals for teachers and advanced students.
Late in the summer of 1883 Professor McCrea served as instructor in the Wells County Normal School in Bluffton, Indiana, and again in 1886, when over one hundred teachers were enrolled. In the autumn of 1883 he accepted a call to the principalship of the schools of Clinton, Indiana, where he remained for a year, when failing health caused him to seek a change of climate. He came to the South, locating in Moheetie, Texas, where he organized and conducted the first graded school in the Texas Pan Handle, in a district embracing an area of 10,000 square miles. His health was greatly benefited by the change, and in 1885 he returned to the North to serve for one year as principal of the high school of Princeton, Indiana. In 1886 he was offered and accepted the position of superintendent of schools at Mt. Vernon, Illinois, and so successful was his work there that he was unanimously re-elected to the position for the following year, with an increase of salary. During the interval of vacation between the two years he conducted the Jefferson County Institute. In February, 1888, the town of Mt. Vernon was destroyed by a cyclone, the Professor’s home was blown to pieces and Mrs. McCrea seriously injured. As the main city school building and much of the town were destroyed the schools were discontinued for the year.
Wishing to have the benefit of the more salubrious climate of the South, Professor McCrea came to New Mexico in 1888 and took charge of the public schools at Silver City, there being at that time only two graded schools in the Territory. His work here proved most satisfactory, and the standard of the schools was greatly advanced. In 1889 he came to Las Cruces, where for a single term, in connection with President Hadley, he conducted the Las Cruces College. Subsequently his labors as a teacher were interrupted for a considerable period by his appointment as Register of the United States Land Office at Las Cruces by President Harrison. His efficiency and capable service were soon manifested, and he continued in the position until April 4, 1894, some time after his term of office had expired. This position afforded a kind of training likely to prove valuable in later years.
In March of the same year Professor McCrea was elected President of the New Mexico College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, and assumed the duties of the position on the 1st of July following. After traveling over the Territory in the interests of the school and securing many new pupils, he was able to inaugurate his work with an enrollment far greater than it had ever been before. Other beneficial results have attended his able administration. He has raised the standard of admission to the college, broadened the courses of study, created a business department, inaugurated the San Juan county branch experiment station, and secured an appropriation from the Legislature for additional buildings. His strong points as an educator are many. He imparts with great conciseness and ability to others the knowledge that he has acquired. He is a strict disciplinarian, and has proved himself a careful financier. He is also a good speaker and an able writer. Throughout life he has done all in his power to perfect himself in his chosen calling, and has gained a reputation as an educator second to none in New Mexico.
In June, 1883, Professor McCrea was united in marriage with Miss Nannie Young, of Bruceville, Indiana, a lady of many superior qualities and of a most hospitable nature, which makes her home a favorite resort with many friends. They have one son, John D. The Professor is a member of the Presbyterian Church, while his estimable wife is a member of the Christian Church. Socially, he belongs to the Masonic fraternity, while in politics he is a Republican. A man of splendid executive ability, he is a strong believer in the great possibilities of the Territory of New Mexico. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Joseph Parkhill McGrorty
Among the worthy representatives that the Emerald Isle has furnished to the New World is this gentleman, who today is numbered among the early and prominent citizens of Deming. He was born near Londonderry, the “maiden city,” and received a liberal education, partly at home under the teaching of his father, who was a distinguished scholar, and partly at the Royal school, where he won distinction for proficiency in Latin. In 1853, while yet in his non-age, he crossed the Atlantic to New York, and came West as far as Kentucky, to visit his eldest brother, Captain A. S. McGrorty, who was then and is now, a resident of Danville, in that State. After spending about two years with his brother at Danville, he engaged in the banking business in Harrodsburg, and remained there until 1861. In the spring of that year he left Kentucky to join his brother, William McGrorty, who, having fought through the Mexican war with the Kentucky volunteers, had settled in New Mexico, and was then a member of the mercantile firm of Hayward & McGrorty, of Fort Fillmore and Mesilla. He crossed the plains by stage on the Santa Fe trail from Independence to Santa Fe, and there he had the good fortune to meet his brother, who arrived from the South about the same time. After spending a few days in the most ancient of American cities he accompanied his brother to Mesilla, where he became connected with the firm of Hayward &McGrorty, of that place. In 1862, owing to the blockade of the southern ports, and the disturbed condition of the Territory, it became impossible to carry on a large business; so in the summer of that year Hayward &McGrorty disposed of their merchandise and withdrew from the Territory.
The subject of this sketch, being then foot-loose, concluded that it was his patriotic duty, as a Southern gentleman, to fight in defense of the South, and for that purpose he left New Mexico to join the Confederate cavalry then operating in Virginia and Tennessee. In the army he made a record highly creditable to him and worthy of his Irish blood and Kentucky breeding. After the close of the war he returned to Kentucky, his adopted State, and engaged in farming and merchandising. He held places of trust and emolument under the State government, received a commission as Colonel, and was appointed Aid to the Governor; but, his health becoming somewhat impaired, he came back to New Mexico, the land of sunshine.
In 1881 he became connected with the real estate business in Deming, by purchasing considerable unimproved property here. In 1883 he began to develop this, and has erected a number of homes and business blocks in the town, becoming one of the important factors in the upbuilding and progress of the community. Not only in the line of his own business but also in other fields of endeavor has he given his support and co-operation to those measurers which have been of benefit to the town.
In 1887 Colonel McGrorty was appointed by President Cleveland to the position of Collector of Internal Revenue for New Mexico and Arizona. He made his headquarters at Santa Fe, and filled that office for three and a half years, when, Harrison being president, he resigned to make room for a Republican, and returned to Deming, where he has since devoted his energies to his property interests. He has always been a pronounced and ardent Democrat, and as such was elected by his fellow citizens to the office of County Commissioner of Grant county, but did not serve in that capacity, as before the time arrived for him to qualify as Commissioner, he received his appointment as Collector of Internal Revenue.

The Colonel is a faithful and consistent member of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and is an active and prominent member of the Masonic fraternity. In 1886 he organized a commandery of Knights Templar at Deming, and in his honor it was named McGrorty Commandery, — a compliment which he much appreciates. Recently he was honored by Governor Thornton with an appointment as one of the Regents of the New Mexico School of Mines, which is located at Socorro.
The Colonel is a quiet, unassuming gentleman, highly esteemed by his fellow townsmen of Deming and Grant counties, as one of the most reliable and progressive citizens of this locality. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Martin Maker
Martin Maker was born in Tipperary County, Ireland, March 19, 1848, and lived there with his parents until he was nine years of age, when the family emigrated to Springfield, O., where young Maher followed the plow for seven years, and consequently received but few educational advantages. In 1859 he was apprenticed to a baker at Urbane, (.)., where he worked at his trade until 1861, when he accepted a government position at Nashville, Tenn. He remained there until 1865, in that capacity, and then worked a year at his trade in that city. In 1866 he enlisted in the Fifth Infantry, United States Regulars, and served with distinction three years. He received his discharge at Ft. Reynolds, Col., and shortly after engaged in railroading in Texas; this he continued in other States for about six years. Mr. Maher was married in 1879 to Mrs. Kate E. Howe of Massachusetts. They removed to New Mexico, and settled in Silver City, their present home. In 1888 he was elected to the city council. Mr. Maher is an active and energetic citizen of Silver City, and is always ready to take a prominent and useful part in all matters pertaining to the interest and welfare of that city. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

L. D. Miller
Prominent among the self-made men of New Mexico is he whose name heads this sketch, and who has been a prominent character in business and social circles for many years past. Mr. Miller was born in Mechanicsburg, Cumberland Co., Pa., March 20, 1830. When four years old he emigrated with his parents to Ohio, in which State he afterward receive a common school education. In 1853 he went to California, following in the footsteps of the thousands who had preceded him. He lived in California six years, and then removed to Colorado, where he remained several years engaged in various occupations. In 1870 he came to Silver City, which was at that time hut a sparsely settled village, and for a long while he relied almost entirely upon game, shot by his own hand, for subsidence. Mr. Miller has greatly added to the growth and advancement of Silver City and to-day stands a member of the city council and an honored and respected citizen. His estimable wife was Miss Maggie Keays, to whom he was married November 1, 1873, in London, Canada. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

A. H. Morehead
Among those who have gained prominence in political and social life is he whose name heads our sketch. He received the benefits of a common school education, and after pursuing various callings came to New Mexico and settled in Silver City. He has been an active politician and for several terms has been successively elected county clerk for Grant County, and has administered the affairs of his office to the satisfaction of the people. The confidence bestowed upon him evinces his popularity, and it is safe to predict for him a long and useful career. He is a man of strong personality, and while not naturally aggressive, is, when occasion demands it, a hard fighter and not easily driven from a stand he may take as to men or political principles. Mr. Morehead has many friends and few enemies, and those who know him best appreciate his worth. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

William Newcomb
William Newcomb is a well known business man of Silver City, having been for many years engaged in the grocery business under the firm name of “Betts & Newcomb”; and the partnership was but recently dissolved. Mr. Newcomb is a man who no doubt deserves a more extensive sketch than is given here, but being noted for his exceeding modesty in connection with such matters, it has been impossible to obtain from him but a meager sketch of his career. He is a man of strong convictions, and being energetic and popular he will no doubt attain that success awarded to ambitious and worthy men. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

Robert Vincent Newsham
Judge Robert Vincent Newsham, Probate Judge of Grant county, New Mexico, residing in Silver City, has efficiently aided in promoting the social, public and material welfare of this locality. He is a man of strong personality, of great force of character and has followed a course in business and private life altogether honorable and worthy of emulation.
He is a native of Illinois, born June 25, 1841, and is of English lineage. His father, James Newsham, died during the infancy of the Judge, who in consequence has little knowledge of the family history. He acquired his education in Illinois and Missouri, going to the latter State when only ten years of age. He attended St. Mary’s Seminary in Perry county, Missouri, and when his school life was ended entered upon his mercantile career, as a salesman, clerking both in Illinois and Minnesota, and remaining in the latter State for three years.
In 1859 Mr. Newsham crossed the plains to California, and was engaged in mining at Nelson’s Point in Plumas county, where he met with fair success; but the great Civil war broke forth upon the country, and desirous of giving his aid to the Union he laid aside the pursuits of peace and joined “the boys in blue” of the Fifth California Infantry. His service was largely on the frontier of Arizona and New Mexico. The regiment was sent to this Territory to drive the Confederates from within its boundaries; but when they had arrived the work was accomplished, and they were engaged in keeping the Indians in subjection for the homes and lives of the settlers were menaced by the red men. Mr. Newsham enlisted as a private but was promoted to the rank of Sergeant.

When the war was over the Judge went to Fort Cummings, where he served as Quartermaster and commissary clerk until the fall of 1869. He also prospered in his undertakings as a contractor and merchant, and after four years spent at that place established a store in Grant county at Rio Mimbres, where he remained until 1874. In the sale of his goods he prospered, but the citizens suffered so greatly from malarial fever that the place was abandoned. In 1875 Mr. Newsham removed his stock of goods to Silver City, which was then a young but thriving town, erected a building, and then sold his stock out at wholesale. He had also engaged in stock-raising, and had taken his cattle to the Gila river. In 1881 he was the owner of 2,000 head of good cattle, but the Indians were then in a state of insurrection and killed and wounded many of his cattle, and carried off his horses. He met with heavy losses through these Apache depredations, and in consequence turned his attention to other pursuits. With the vast mineral resources of the Territory at hand he naturally turned his attention to mining, and has been engaged in that business most of the time since, being now a stockholder in several good mining properties.
The Judge has been a lifelong member of the Democracy, and has for years been honored with official positions. He has served as School Commissioner, was Probate Clerk, and in 1894 was elected to his present office, that of probate Judge, the duties of which he is promptly and faithfully performing. He has materially aided in the development of Silver City, by the purchase and improvement of considerable town property, having bought a number of lots, on which he erected good residences. In every way possible he has helped to build up the town, and is looked upon as one of the most reliable early settlers. He was married in 1878, and his only son, Roy V. Newsham, was born in Silver City. The Judge is a Royal Arch Mason, and has served as Secretary of both the blue lodge and chapter. He is also a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, and of the California Veteran Association. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

W. C. Porterfield
W. C. Porterfield was born March 28, 1858, at Mount Erie, IL. After finishing his education, both literary and pharmaceutical, at the age of twenty-one he entered the drug business with his brother, M. W. Porterfield, at Fairfield, IL., and continued in the same successfully until 1887, when the firm disposed of their business and invested in Kansas real estate, building the Riverside addition to the city of Eldorado, Kan. During this speculation, drug stores in Chicago, Kansas City, Mount Vernon, IL., and Hot Springs, Ark., were traded for. W. C. Porterfield having special charge of these stores until disposed of. In 1887 he came to Silver City, N. M., and entered the drug business alone, from which he has built up one of the finest business houses in the Territory. Upon the pas-sage of the Pharmacy Act by the Territorial Legislature, during the session of 1888-89, Mr. Porterfield had the honor of being appointed by Governor E. G. Ross, member of the New Mexico Board of Pharmacy, which office he still holds with much credit to the board. In 1884 he was married to Miss Maggie Wilson of Fairfield, IL. Two bright boys grace this union. He is a Republican in politics, Methodist in religion, and a firm adherent to all principles of justice and right. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

G. G. Posey
Prominent among the Democratic politicians of the Territory who has served his party with earnestness and fidelity is Mr. Posey. He has been intimately associated with the party successes of the past, and will no doubt, in the future, make his power felt in the circles of political life. He was born February 5, 1850, in Wilkinson County, Mississippi. He received a collegiate education, and was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of Missouri in 1871. He came to New Mexico in 1880, and immediately entered upon the practice of his profession in Silver City, where he now resides, an active and honored member of the legal profession. He is a member of the National Democratic Committee of New Mexico, and has frequently acted as chairman of that body, and has also served as chairman of several national conventions which have elected delegates to Congress. Mr. Posey can be well classed among New Mexico’s successful men, and as he is in the full vigor of manhood we may safely predict for him a brilliant future. [Source: “New Mexico, The Spanish Conquest to the Present Time”, by Helen Haines, pub. 1891; Sub by Pat Houser]

Charles M. Shannon
Hon. Charles Metcalfe Shannon, United States Collector of Internal Revenue for the district of New Mexico and Arizona, was born near Lexington, La Fayette county, Missouri, August 7, 1851, and is of Irish descent. His ancestors located in America previous to the Revolutionary war. His grandfather and father were both born in Kentucky. John Shannon, our subject’s father, was raised in his native place, and was there married to Miss Elizabeth Metcalfe, a native also of Kentucky and a descendant of an old and prominent Southern family, her uncle having been one of Kentucky’s able Governors. After their marriage, in 1838, Mr. and Mrs. Shannon moved to Missouri. Six children were born to them in that State, of whom three are now living. The father was killed in a cyclone in 1879, at the age of sixty-four years, and the mother still survives, aged seventy-one years.
Charles M. Shannon, their fifth child in order of birth, received his education in Missouri and Kentucky. In 1871 he came to New Mexico, where he taught school for a short time, and afterward engaged in prospecting and mining, becoming what might be called a mountaineer. In that occupation he not only gained robust health, but a wide acquaintance with the country and its resources. Mr. Shannon is now largely interested in copper mines near Clifton, Arizona. In company with his brother, Baylor Shannon, he owns a large stock ranch near Silver City, New Mexico.
Mr. Shannon styles himself a born Democrat, and, like most Southerners, is ardent in his allegiance to his party, and has rendered it efficient aid at every opportunity. He has served one term in the Arizona Legislature, and in 1893 he received from President Cleveland the appointment to his present office, that of United States Collector of Revenue for the Territories of New Mexico and Arizona. He is a member of the Democratic National Committee for Arizona. With Mr. Newman, our subject owned and managed the newspaper called the “34.” It had worked so hard for Democracy that the county was carried by that party by thirty-four majority, the county having been previously Republican for many years, and in honor of the event they gave their paper that name. Later, Mr. Shannon was connected with the Lone Star, published at El Paso, Texas, and from 1884 to 1887 edited the Southwest Sentinel, at Silver City, New Mexico. In that way he wielded a wide influence in behalf of his party.
Mr. Shannon was married at Dallas, Texas, in 1885, to Miss Mollie Betterton, a native of Virginia and a daughter of W. J. Betterton, also a native of that State. The family have long been residents of the South. In his social relations, Mr. Shannon is a Knight Templar Mason. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

L. A. Skelly
L. A. Skelly, the present obliging and capable Postmaster of Silver City, who for the past eight years has been numbered among her successful business men, is a native of Iowa. He was born in Hopeville, Clark county, on the 5th of September, 1861, and is of Scotch-Irish and English ancestry, the family having been founded on American soil during Colonial days, while its members served as soldiers of the Revolution, valiantly aiding in the cause of independence. A. J. Skelly, the father of our subject, was born in Indiana in 1830 and was reared at Lincoln, Logan county, Illinois, where he married. The eldest son was born in Lincoln, removed to Iowa, Clark county, in 1859, and enlisted from Iowa. The second son, Lote Addison, was born in Clark county, Iowa, September 5, 1861. The family returned to Lincoln, Illinois, where A. J. Skelly, the father, died. He married Miss Jennie R. Bushnell, a native of the State of Illinois and a descendant of a New York family of English origin. When the Civil war was inaugurated he enlisted in Company B, Sixth Iowa Infantry, and after faithfully serving for three years his health became so impaired that he was honorably discharged. He then returned to his home, where he died, at the age of thirty-five years, leaving a widow and their three sons. Mrs. Skelly is still living and has now reached the age of sixty-three. One of the sons is now in New Mexico and another in California.
The second son is the gentleman whose name introduces this sketch. He was educated in Davenport, Iowa, and at the early age of seven years began to earn his own living by running errands and doing other work as he could. When a lad of ten he went to the Soldiers’ Orphans’ Home at Davenport, Iowa, where he spent four years, going thence to Wichita, Kansas, in which State he engaged in cattle-herding for a year. His mother having again married and removed to Atlantic, Iowa, he returned to that place, and for a year worked for R. M. Cross bakery business. During the excitement attending the discovery of gold in the Black Hills, he went to that place, where he remained three months, when he joined his parents, who had removed to Wahoo, Nebraska. He was there engaged in driving a stage and in conducting a confectionery establishment for seven years. In 1886 he became a resident of Placerville, California, where he learned photography, carrying on that line of business in California and Arizona. In 1887 he established an art gallery in Silver City, New Mexico, the business proving a profitable one. His excellent workmanship and his artistic taste have brought to him a liberal patronage, which is steadily and constantly increasing. In addition to his gallery he owns a valuable block of buildings on the northeast corner of Broadway and Main streets. He also has a nice residence in the city.
In June, 1889, Mr. Skelly was happily united in marriage with Miss Ella B. Carvil, a native of Nova Scotia, and to them have been born three interesting children, all sons, namely: Addison E., George F. and Bland E.
Mr. Skelly is an active Democrat, warmly advocating the principles of his party, and socially is a prominent member of the Knights of Pythias fraternity. He has represented his local lodge in the Grand Lodge for seven years, and is Grand Prelate of the Grand Lodge of New Mexico. In March, 1894, he was appointed by President Cleveland to the office of Postmaster of Silver City. He has fitted up one of his own buildings as an office, purchasing new boxes and an entire new outfit, giving to the town an office of which it may be justly proud. His faithful discharge of the duties connected therewith have met the commendation of the postoffice department at Washington and of the patrons of the office here. He is an enterprising, progressive business man and certainly deserves great credit for his success in life. He is in the truest sense a self-made man and his prosperity has been secured through indefatigable energy, steadfastness of purpose and integrity. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

George H. Sowers
George H. Sowers, M. D., a regular practicing physician at Silver City, came to the Territory of New Mexico in 1880, and in addition to the successful practice of his chosen profession has been interested in mining in Grant county.
He was born in Frederick City, Maryland, on the 22d of June, 1846, and is descended from Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry, the family having been established in the Keystone State during the days of its early history. His father, Eli Sowers, was born in Hanover, Pennsylvania, and having arrived at years of maturity married Miss Susan Norris, a native of Maryland and a daughter of Benjamin Norris, who was minister of the Quaker Church at Bush creek, Frederick county, Maryland. The doctor’s father served as Colonel in the Maryland militia during Civil war, and died in the sixty-fourth year of his age, while his wife survived him only a year. She had been married prior to her union with Mr. Sowers, and three children were the fruit of that marriage, while the Doctor and a sister were born of the second union.
The gentleman whose name heads this review was educated in the Southern University of Ohio, graduating in the medical department of that institution with the class of March, 1868. He at once entered upon the practice of his chosen profession in his native State, and after a year pursued his investigations in the line of medical research by study in the Bellevue Hospital Medical College in New York city, where he took a post-graduate course. He then received the appointment of physician in chief of the Indian department, and in that capacity made his headquarters in Olympia, Washington, serving during the years 1871, 1872 and 1873. The following year he removed to the State of Kansas, where he continued in the practice of his profession until 1880, when he removed to New Mexico. Locating in Socorro, he there opened an office and also conducted a drug store until the year 1886, when he removed to the city of El Paso, becoming one of the successful medical practitioners of that place. In 1892 he arrived in Silver City, and his skill and ability in the line of his chosen calling have secured for him a large and lucrative patronage. In connection with some parties from New York he is also interested in the alumina mines on the Gila river, where they have sixty-one patented claims, all having been operated to some extent. This property will undoubtedly prove of great value as it is further operated.
In his political connections the Doctor is a Republican, and while at Socorro filled the office of acting Sheriff during the administration of Governor Sheldon. In his social affiliations, he is an Odd Fellow and also a member of the Knights of Pythias fraternity. His domestic life has been a very pleasant and happy one. In 1872 he was united in marriage with Miss May Norris, of Tiffin, Ohio, and they now have two sons: H. Maynard, who is engaged in the drug business in Silver City; and Edward Buckey, now attending the Normal School of this place. The Doctor is an enterprising and capable citizen, believing thoroughly in New Mexico, her resources and future development, and is ever found in the front ranks of any enterprise which is calculated to promote the welfare of his community or of the Territory. His public and private life are alike above reproach and his commendable career has gained him high regard. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Henry H. Stanley
Henry H. Stanley is one of the prominent citizens and mining men of Pinos Altos, the owner of the Ribbon gold mine and the Skilley corn mill. He was born in North Carolina on the 8th of January, 1844. In the early days of Pennsylvania’s history his ancestors left their home in England and took up their residence in that State. They became prominent factors in the work of public progress and development, and his grandfathers, Joseph Stanley and Henry Holder, were both Revolutionary soldiers.
The father of our subject, Josiah Stanley, was born in North Carolina in 1789, and having attained to years of maturity married Miss Christiana Holder, who belonged to a family of prominence that had also been established in America in colonial days, its members taking an active part in the events which formed the history of our country in those days. Mr. and Mrs. Stanley continued to reside in North Carolina until 1852, when they emigrated to Indiana, where they spent the remainder of their lives, the father dying in 1873, while the mother departed this life in 1875. They were members of the Baptist Church and were people of much worth. They left a family of four children, all of whom are yet living.
Henry H. Stanley is their second child. He was reared and educated in the State of Indiana, completing his literary course in the Miami University of Ohio. On the 8th of October, 1862, when eighteen years of age, he enlisted in the regular regimental band of Ohio, and with the Union army did service in Tennessee until the following year, when Congress passed an act disbanding regimental bands. In consequence he was honorably discharged and returned to his home. In March 1863, he went to Pike’s Peak, Colorado, and has since been connected with mining interests. He there engaged in mining and prospecting; and remained in Colorado for ten years, meeting with fair success in his undertakings. In 1867 he came to Pinos Altos and came into possession of several mining claims, and in 1868 returned to Colorado, where he remained until 1873. His business at that time proved unprofitable, and he removed to San Diego county, California, where he continued for some time. His next place of residence was in Los Angeles, where he engaged in speculating in real estate, and he still owns some property in that beautiful and thriving city.
In 1884 Mr. Stanley returned to Pinos Altos and discovered his Ribbon gold mine, which he has since been engaged in developing. He has already taken from it considerable gold, and yet it is only partially developed. It is a small vein of high-grade ore, yielding from $17 to $42 in gold to the ton, and the mine is therefore a paying one. Mr. Stanley also operates a good five-stamp mill of his own and one for his neighbors. There are now over twenty paying mines in the vicinity, Pinos Altos being one of the most successful paying camps in New Mexico. There are also numerous placer mines in the camp and vicinity.
Mr. Stanley has built a very cozy home in this picturesque little mining town, located at the very top of the divide of the Rocky Mountains. He has surrounded it with beautiful vines, shrubs and flowering plants, and also a large variety of fruit trees. The place is at an altitude of 7,000 feet, and the climate is especially adapted for fruit-raising, he having splendid apples, pears, peaches and grapes upon his place, all of good varieties and bearing in abundance. The grounds and home are the index of the industry, enterprise and refined taste of the inmates of this pleasant home. It was in 1874 that Mr. Stanley was united in marriage with Miss Alice Deen, a native of California, who has ever been a source of encouragement and help to him in his life work. They have but one living child, — Isaac Henry, — who is now a student in the Territorial Agricultural College of Las Cruces. Mr. Stanley is a genial gentleman and a man of sterling worth, who is widely known throughout the Territory, where he and his family have the confidence and high regard of a large circle of friends. In politics he is a Republican, and is well informed on the issues of the day, but has never sought or desired political preferment. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Troilous Stephens
Troilous Stephens, deceased, was a highly esteemed resident of Pinos Altos, and one of Grant county’s most successful merchants and mine-owners. He was the junior member of the prominent and widely known firm of Bell & Stephens, and for twenty years was actively connected with the business interests of this locality. He was born near Mackinaw, Tazewell county, Illinois, on the 28th of October, 1835, and was reared on his father’s farm. He acquired a limited education in the district schools of the neighborhood, and learned the potter’s trade of his father, Captain Paris Stephens, who was one of the early pioneers of central Illinois.
In 1860 the subject of this review left his native State and on horseback traveled to Nemaha, Nebraska, where he worked at his trade for a time, but subsequently abandoned it in order to devote his energies to farming. In 1863 he made arrangements to go with a wagon train from Nemaha to Denver, Colorado, but illness prevented the contemplated trip. It proved very fortunate that this was the case. After waiting three days for his recovery, the train left without him, and all but two of that train met their fate at the hands of hostile Indians. Being possessed of great energy and indomitable will, after his recovery he made the dangerous trip to Denver comparatively alone.
While a resident of Nebraska, Mr. Stephens formed the acquaintance of Mrs. Sarah Crocker, and on the 9th of October, 1864, they were united in marriage. Three sons were born to them: Charles, now twenty-nine years of age; Bert, aged sixteen; and Frank, a youth of fourteen. The two last named are now attending the New Mexico College at Las Cruces. In August, 1874, accompanied by his family, Mr. Stephens traveled by wagon to New Mexico, locating at Pinos Altos, where he resided until his death. Soon after his arrival he formed a partnership with Nathaniel Bell, and they began business on a small scale, but the firm of Bell & Stephens became one of the leading and most substantial mining and mercantile companies of the Southwest. The partnership continued between them with mutual pleasure and profit for twenty years, no disagreement ever arising between them. Each had his department to manage and direct, and both worked hard and faithfully for the common interest. For years their families had occupied a double house, and their relations there have been as kindly and pleasant as those of the members of the firm.
Mr. Stephens died of apoplexy on the 8th of September, 1894, at the age of fifty-eight years, ten months and ten days, leaving a widow and three sons to mourn his loss. He was a man of excellent taste, devoted to his home and family, and doing all in his power to advance their interests. He was kind, benevolent and charitable, giving freely and extensively to those less fortunate than himself, yet his charity was always unostentatious, few knowing of it except the recipients of his bounty. His word was as good as his bond, for his integrity was above question. He was a valued member of Isaac F. Tiffany Lodge, No. 13, I.O.O.F., of Silver City, and his comrades all had for him the highest regard. He was never known to overreach a man in business or to deceive one who placed confidence in him, and by a blameless life he left to his family the priceless heritage of an untarnished name. His death filled the entire county with deep sorrow, and out of respect to the deceased and his family during the funeral services the stores in Pinos Altos and Silver City were closed. The Odd Fellows attended the services as a lodge, and the funeral was the largest ever seen in the county, for his circle of friends was almost limitless. The sympathy of the entire community was extended to the family in their great bereavement, and the county felt that it had lost one of its best and most useful citizens, after whose record may be written the words, “Well done.” [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Granville Newman Wood
G. N. Wood, M.D., is the oldest physician in years of continuous practice in Silver City, having engaged here in the prosecution of his chosen profession since 1880. He is a man of advanced and progressive ideas, who keeps thoroughly abreast with the discoveries and theories in connection with the science of medicine, and his skill and ability have brought to him a liberal patronage.
The life record of this worthy gentleman is as follows: He was born in Woburn, Massachusetts, on the 28th of December, 1844, and comes of a family of English origin that was founded on American soil during Colonial days. Its representatives lived in Massachusetts. On the maternal side he descends from the Lincolns and the Wetherells, both old and noted American families, who possessed lands ceded to them by the king of England. The Doctor’s parents, James W. and Almira H. Wood, were married in Woburn, Massachusetts, in 1843, and resided there until 1852. In that year the father went to California, where in 1854 he was joined by his wife and son. James Wood first located in San Francisco, but afterward went to Sweetland, Nevada county, where he was engaged in merchandising for many years. In politics he is an active and unfaltering Republican, and both he and his wife are members of the Baptist Church and people of the highest respectability.
Granville Newman Wood, the subject of this review, is the eldest of their three children. He was educated in San Francisco, California, and in the medical department of the Northwestern University, in Chicago, Illinois, graduating in the class of 1878. He then practiced his chosen profession in California, Iowa and Kansas, and was then in the medical department of the Indian service in the Indian Territory. As before stated, the Doctor came to New Mexico in 1880, and has met with most gratifying success in practice. He is equally proficient as a medical practitioner and as a skilled surgeon, and has successfully performed some very difficult operations, which have brought to him a well-merited renown. He could not be content with mediocrity, and has put forth every effort to perfect himself in his chosen calling until he has now risen from the ranks of the many to a position among the successful few.
The Doctor has built one of the finest residences in Silver City, and his name and fortune are shared by one of the most esteemed ladies of this locality. He was married in 1881 to Miss Maggie E. Morris, a native of Tennessee, and a daughter of James Morris, now of Grant county, New Mexico. The Doctor and Mrs. Wood have one son, Granville Newman.
Dr. Wood is a Knight Templar Mason, in politics is a Republican, and has acted as a member of the Board of County Commissioners. He is also a member of the board of medical examiners of the Territory, and to the cause of education he is especially devoted, for he believes it to be one of the important factors of good government. In manner he is a genial, pleasant gentleman, thoroughly devoted to his profession and has gained a reputation that ranks him among the most eminent physicians of the Territory. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]

Francis Joseph Wright
Francis Joseph Wright, City Attorney of Silver City and a member of the prominent law firm of Bell & Wright, is of English and Scotch ancestry. He is descended from a Stewart, who was distantly related to the royal family of England of that name, but he claims no distinction or honor from this connection, for he is truly American in spirit and feeling, and believes that a man must depend upon his own merits and not upon reflected glory of titled aristocracy. He believes in the sovereignty not of blood but of brains.
His great-grandfather, William Wright, located in Reading, Pennsylvania, at a very early day, and he and his sons became possessed of a large estate in that locality. There was born William Wright, the grandfather of our subject; but Isaac Wright, the father of Silver City’s prominent attorney, was a native of Maryland. He became a planter of Carroll county and wedded Miss Mary Wolf, a lady of German lineage, and a daughter of Abraham Wolf. In early life Isaac Wright became a preceptor, and was always an ardent advocate of the cause of education, lending his support to all that was calculate for its advancement. Acquiring considerable property, he spent his last years on his lands, and his death occurred in 1888, at the age of seventy-two years. In his family were ten children, of whom seven are living at the time of this writing.
The subject of this sketch is sixth in order of birth. His early education was obtained under the instruction of his father and proved a very thorough training. Later he began teaching, and secured a professorship in the Georgetown Female Seminary, where he remained for three years. During this time he took up the study of law, and acquired a habit of close thinking, for which he is still noted. He pursued his legal studies in the office of Brainbridge& Webb for a time, and in 1876 was admitted to the bar in Washington, District of Columbia, where he opened a law office, and continued in practice for five years. During that time he obtained a license to practice in the Supreme Court of the United States. Having carried on business in the capital city until 1880, he then went to Colorado, spending a number of months in travel in that State, viewing its magnificent scenery and other points of interest.
In the autumn of 1880, Mr. Wright arrived in Silver City, New Mexico, and here he formed a law partnership with E. B. Price and Andrew Sloan, but the connection continued only until the summer of 1881, when by mutual consent it was dissolved. Mr. Wright was then alone in business until 1889, when the existing partnership with Mr. Bell was formed and has since continued. This is regarded as one of the strongest and most prominent law firms in the Territory. Mr. Bell is a very gifted orator and advocate before judge or jury. Mr. Wright is a profound thinker, a logical reasoner and strong in argument, and the firm is therefore one of the most able and most successful to be found in New Mexico.
In his political connections, Mr. Wright is a Republican, deeply interested in the growth and success of his party. He has for four years held the office of City Attorney of Silver City, which is a compliment to his skill and ability. Socially,he is connected with the Knights of Pythias fraternity. In connection with his other business interests he has during his residence in Grant county engaged in stock-raising and mining, and has aided in the development of various mining claims which are materially advancing the prosperity and welfare of this community.
Mr. Wright is a man of broad views, of wide general information, and a public-spirited and progressive citizen. While giving the greater part of his attention to his profession, he has yet found time to devote to the general welfare, and is ever found in the front rank of any movement calculated to benefit the community. [Source: “An Illustrated History of New Mexico . . .;” The Lewis Publishing Company, 1895; tr by GT Team]